Biology Final Study Guide
June 6, 2016
Quizlet Link: https:/quizlet.com/_2c1h7z
Unit 1-Cell-Level Physiology
A. Structures in a cell: organelles
1. Cell membrane-regulates what can come in and out of a cell
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Bacteria divide by binary _, in which the cell divides into two nearly equal halves.
Most eukaryotic cells go through a repeating process of growth and division referred to as the cell
Organisms that can manufacture their own chemical energy sources are called _.
_ depend on energy stored in chemical bonds by autotrophs for their food energy.
_ is the process by which certain organisms capture energy from sunlight and use it to build
energy-rich food molecules.
In the _ reactions of photosynthesis, electron carrier mol
_ among cells is a hallmark of multicellular organisms.
Endocrine signaling involves the release of _.
Adjacent cells can sign
Plasma _ encloses the cell and separates its contents from the surroundings.
A semi-fluid matrix called the _ occupies the area between the nucleus and the plasma
A. plasma membrane
Each of the significant properties of a cell (its growth, reproduction, and responsiveness to its
environment) requires _.
Energy is defined as:
B. the capacity to do work
The lipid layer that forms the foundation of cell membranes is primarily composed of molecules called
While water continually orients phospholipids into a lipid bilayer, it does n
The special molecules that have large structures and characteristically made by living organisms are
known as _.
Organic molecules contain a specific carbon-based core to which
All of the substances of the universe that have mass and occupy space are defined as _.
All atoms possess _, defined as the ability to do work.
The knowledge of _ is becoming increasingly essential for any educated citizen of the
Biological order can be seen in a _ organization, from the level of highly structured organic
Chapter 1: The Science of Biology
Hierarchical Organization *Cellular atoms molecules macromolecules organelles cells . Organismal tissue organs organ systems organism . Population population species community ecosystem biosphere *main fo
Angiosperms: Phylum Anthophyta
Unique Features 1) Flower: houses gametophyte generation Advantages attraction, better movement of pollen 2) Male and Female parts arranged on a receptacle 3) Double Fertilization (occurs in embryo sac)
The Flower as
#8 and #10 : Plant-like protists (Algae) How are protists defined very diverse Nutritionally all trophs except for chemoautotrophic Organization unicellular, filamentous, colonial, multicellular Habitat all different kinds Reproduction asexual o
Bio 110, Fall 2007, McNett
Additions are in italics BIODIVERSITY
EXAM IV (FINAL) REVIEW SHEET
Lecture # & topics / concepts Lecture # 30 & 32 Annelida & Mollusca What are the basic parts of a mollusk body plan? Is the mantle the same thing as the s