There are two numbers: singular and plural.
There are seven cases for nouns and pronouns: nominative, genitive,
dative, accusative, locative, ablative, and instrumental. Cases are
marked by inflectional suffixes whose forms depend on whether the
Kazakh verbs agree with their subjects in person and number. Verbs have
the following grammatical categories:
two numbers: singular and plural
three persons: 1st, 2nd, 3rd
three tenses: present, past, future that are formed with auxiliary verbs
Kazakh (Qazaq tili, ) is a member of the Turkic branch of the Altaic
language family. Like all Turkic languages, it is believed to have descended from
Chagatai, an extinct Turkic language which once served as a lingua franca in
Central Asia. The word Chag
Kazakh has 9 vowels vowel phonemes, i.e., sounds that make a difference
in word meaning. They can be long or short. Vowel length makes a
difference in word meaning. As all other Turkic languages, Kazakh is
characterized by vowel harmony, that impos
There is an informal second person pronoun sen you (singular informal) and
sender you (plural informal).
There is also a second person pronoun siz you (singular formal) and sizder you
There is no gender distinction in third perso
Kazakh has a large inventory of consonants. The language is rich
in velar and uvular consonants. There are no consonant clusters at the beginning or end of
words. Consonants in parentheses in the table below do not occur in native Kazakh words
The basic vocabulary of Kazakh is Turkic, but according to some experts,
Kazakh has been influenced by Russian more than any other Turkic
language of the former Soviet Union. Other lexical influences also
include Arabic and Persian. Below are s
Kazakh has been written with several different scripts.
Until 1929, Kazakh was written with the Arabic script.
From 1929 to 1940, it was written with the Roman script.
From 1940 on, Kazakh was written with a modified version of the Cyrillic alphab