BLY 121- Exam 1 Covering Chapter 7-12 Fall 2005 Chapter 7
C. S. Major
1. Which of the following represents a major difference between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells? A. Prokaryotes, not eukaryotes, have cell walls. B. Eukaryotic cells have
Exam 3 Fall 2005 Chapters 13 18 Name _ MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that BEST completes the statement or answers the question. Chapter 13 1. If a pea that is homozygous recessive for height (tt) and seed color (ss) is crossed with a p
Tylopilus rhoadsieae (Murr.) Murrill
Basidioma (mushroom), pileus 69cm, white to whitish, often with gray to pinkish or tan tinges,
surface dry, smooth. Stem 50100mm long and 1530mm wide, white or concolorous to cap,
equal or enlarged at ba
Trametes elegans (Spreng.:Fr.) Fr.
White Maze Polypore
Basidioma (bracket), up to 35 cm across and 3 cm thick; semicircular, irregularly bracketshaped, or kidney-shaped; flattened-convex; lumpy near the point of attachment,
smoother toward the thin margin
Russula romagnesiana Shaffer
Basidioma (mushrrom), pileus 3-11cm across, convex with a central depression; creamy
white when young, dull yellow to brown in age, or when bruised; dry, not viscid, surface
smooth. Hymenium composed of
Scleroderma polyrhizon Gmelin & Levielle
Basidioma, 8-13 cm across before splitting and spreading; round or nearly round; very
tough; partially submerged in the ground; surface when young fairly smooth, often
covered with whitish down; with
Scleroderma meridionale Demoudin & Malencon
Fruiting Body: 2.5-6 cm across; with a more or less round structure sitting atop a welldefined "stem" measuring 5-10 cm long and composed of bundled, whitish rhizomorphs
that extend underground; surfac
Chapter 3- Nucleic Acids and the Encoding of Genetic Information
Griffith studied two strains of the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae:
o a virulent strain
o a mutant, nonvirulent strain
When the debris of dead virulent cells was mixed with nonvirulent c
Chapter 2- The Molecules of Life
Today, there are 180 elements known, 94 occur naturally and 24 have been created artificially
in the laboratory.
Electrons move around the nucleus within orbitalsdefined regions of space where an electron
is most of the ti
Chapter 5- Organizing Principles: Lipids, Membranes, and Cell Compartments
In 1665, Robert Hooke built a microscope that he used to observe thin sections of dried cork
from plants. In these sections, he observed small cavities and named them cells.
Chapter 4- Translation and Protein Structure
The general structure of an amino acid consists of a central carbon atom (alpha carbon)
connected by covalent bonds to four different chemical groups: an amino group, a carboxyl
group, a hydrogen, and a side c
Chapter 6- Capturing and Using Energy
Organisms have two ways to harvest energy from their environment and two sources of carbon.
o Organisms can harvest energy from the sun or from chemical compounds.
phototroph (obtains energy from the sun)
Chapter 7- Respiration
Why does ADP have less potential energy than ATP?
Because ATP has ribose as a sugar.
Because ADP has only one phosphate group.
Because ADP has only two phosphate groups.
Because ATP has adenine in it.
How might an inhibitor inhibit
Gene regulation encompasses the ways in which cells control gene expression. It is the Where? When? and How much? of gene
Where (in which cells) are genes turned on?
When (during development or in response to changes in the enviro
Chapter 11- Cell Devision
Cell division is the process by which a single cell becomes two daughter cells. While this may seem simple, this process must
satisfy several important requirements:
The two daughter cells must each receive the full complement of
Chapter 8- Photosythesis
A biochemical process for building carbohydrates from sunlight and carbon dioxide taken from the air
Photosynthesis is a redox reaction. During photosynthesis, CO2 molecules are reduced to form higher-energy
Hypholoma fasciculare (Huds. ex Fr.) Kummer
Basidioma (mushroom), pileus 27cm across, convex or slightly umbonate, remains of
the pale yellow veil often adhering to the margin, bright sulphur-yellow tinged orangetan towards the center. Stem 4
Polyporus brumalis Fr
Basidioma (bracket), fruit body annual. Cap 1.5-10cm across, circular, convex or
depressed with an inrolled margin; yellow-brown to reddish brown or blackish brown;
dry, densely hairy when young, becoming almost smoot
BLY 121- Exam 1 Covering Chapter 1-6 Chapter 1 1. Which statement about spontaneous generation is false? A. B. C. D. Pasteur demonstrated that it did not occur under normal laboratory conditions. It apparently occurred at least once-when life on Eart
Miniexam 1 1. Which of the following statements about natural selection is true? a. Natural selection occurs in opposition to evolution. b. Natural selection is a process whereby genes are selected randomly for preservation in the next generation c.
Agaricus campestris L. ex Fr.
Meadow Mushroom, Pink Bottom
Basidioma (mushroom), pileus 310cm across, domed and remaining so a long time
before expanding fully, white sometimes creamy yellow, scaly or smooth. Stem 30100
long and 1015(20)mm wide, white som
Amanita amero-rubescens nom. prov. [=Amanita rubsecens ([Pers.] Fr.) S. F. Gray]
Basidioma (mushroom), pileus 515cm across, rosy brown to flesh color, sometimes
with a yellowish flush covered with white or slightly reddish patches. Stem 6
Amanita roanokensis Coker
Basidioma (mushroom), pileus 7.513cm across, white to slightly creamy color, covered
with thin, white patches; slightly viscid when moist. Stem 90135 long 1022mm wide,
solid, white, tapering towards apex; basal bu
Amanita brunnescens Atkinson
Basidioma (mushroom), pileus 4-15cm across, bluntly convex then flattened with central umbo;
deep white to pale cream or pale citrine or, brown to olivaceous or grayish, paler near margin,
with darker radiat
Astraeus hygrometricus (Pers.) Morg.
Basidioma, 15cm across, globose, outer wall ochraceous tan to dark brown, splitting into 615
pointed rays on maturity when moist, closing and becoming hard and leather-like when dry.
Spore sac 13cm
Amanita citrina (Schaeff.) S. F.
Basidioma (mushroom), pileus 410cm across, ivory to pale lemon especially near the center,
covered in persistent coarse whitish patches which discolor ochre-brown. Stem 6080 long, 8
12mm wide, ivory white, t
Cantharellus lateritius (Berk.) Singer
Basidioma (mushroom), cap 3-10cm across, convex then flattened and often depressed
at center, margin inrolled and wavy or lobed; pale yellow-orange to orange; smooth to
slightly tomentose. Hymenium
Boletus rubricitrinus (Murr.) Murrill
Basidioma (mushroom) composed of: cap 4-15cm across, broadly convex; brick red to orangecinnamon or madder brown with age; subtomentose. Stem 50-150 mm long and 15-25mm
wide; mustard yellow, the