Physics 106 Lab Overview Location
The Physics 106 lab meets in McDonnell 203.
Schedule
Labs meet once a week starting the week of February 9, 2009 (no lab the week of Feb 2). Labs meet on Tuesday and Wednesday starting at 1:30 and Tuesday at 7:30. Lab se
Cherenkov1934,Frank &Tam 1937
1958 Nobel prize
Cherenkov radiation
:
c
cos c
nv
j ( x , t ) ev ( x x)
c
r r
r r
0
j (t , x)
3
A(t , x )
d x
4 V
r
r r
where t t r / c , r x x
A( x , t ) A e it d
1
A
2
it
A( x , t )e dt
1 it
A A( x , t )e dt
2005
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Miracle Year 1905
March 17  Albert Einstein publishes his paper "On a heuristic viewpoin
t concerning the production and transformation of light" in which he exp
lains the photoelectric effect using the notion of light quanta.
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mg: (j)
1) Compare covariance and invariance.
2) What is Bremsstrahlung?
3) Derive B
Vector Analysis
:
Kepler:
Newtonian mechanics: F = ma
Electrodynamics: Maxwell equations
Quantum mechanics: Schrodinger equation
> !
Tools for this course:
1 Scalars, vectors and tensors
A scalar : invariant under
rotation,
eg. distance
A vector : tr
General Theory 
Maxwell
Equations
Coulombs law, Gausss law
Faradays law, Biotsavarts law
Amperes law
Inconsistent with the charge conservation law!
Introduce displacement current ( ) to solve the
problem
Predict EM waves in 1862
EMW was discovered expe
PRINCETON UNIVERSITY
PHYSICS 106 LAB
Laboratory 2: Div, Grad, Curl and All That 1. Goal
It is difficult to measure electric fields directly. In this lab, you will model electric fields using resistive paper and conductive paint. Until the advent of modern
PRINCETON UNIVERSITY Laboratory 1: Introduction to the Oscilloscope
PHYSICS 106 LAB
Introduction. Two workhorses in any R&D lab are the signal generator and the oscilloscope. A signal generator is used to create a periodic voltage, which may be used as th
Reading: Jackson Ch7,Ch8
Ch 3. Electromagnetic Waves
Maxwell +
Predicted in 1862, EM waves were experimentally
confirmed by Hertz(1888)
The wave equations
r
r
r
2
E E E
No free charges
E 0
eliminate B
The electric field satisfies
wi th c
1
0 0
Simila