Chapter 1. Introduction
1.1 What is Thermodynamics?
The term thermodynamics comes from the Greek words o+,
meaning heat dynamics (motion). Definitions of the term include:
The branch of physical science that deals wi
Chapter 2. Work, Heat, and Energy
The establishment of heat as a form of energy that can be partially converted into
useful work was a key impetus for the development of thermodynamics as a mod-
ern science in the
Chapter 3. Reversibility and Entropy
We have seen in the previous chapter that systems can move from an initial equi-
librium state to a different final equilibrium state by exchanging heat and work
with their surrou
Chapter 4. Fundamental Equations
Two key problems in thermodynamics are to relate properties to each other and to
develop ways to measure them accurately in the laboratory. For example, we have
seen in Chapter 2
Chapter 6.
Equilibrium, Stability, and Fluctuations
The First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics allow us to make powerful general
statements about the overall behavior of systems in thermodynamic equilibrium
with
Chapter 7. Ideal and Near-Ideal Gases
The statistical mechanical ensemble formalism developed in the Chapter 5 is pow-
erful, but there are only few cases for which we have the mathematical sophistica-
tion to actually ev