Lab 6 - Depictions of Volcanoes with Interactive Imagery and Maps
Lab objectives: Learn how to use Google Earth, and learn how to extract basic information about
topography and landscape from Google Earth, while taking a look at some volcanoes.
LAB 7 Streams and Valleys
Everything that is highlighted in grey requires a response or an image inserted.
All answers that are typed in should be in a different color text.
All images inserted should have a graphic scale bar and Lat/Long readings vi
LAB 9 Glaciers
In this lab we will be using Google Earth to explore and identify landforms created by glacial
erosion. For this lab we will guide you to a general area and then you will pick out specific
features and save those images into this docum
Lab 8 Coastal Features
In Google Earth make sure there are 4 things checked under View
All responses should be typed in a different color text.
Any line highlighted in grey will require a response or an image i
2) What has the study of rock magnetism told us about the earths past? Natural remnant magnification / in basalt
containing magnetite, mineral imprints the magnetic axis at the time allowing us to see into past. When pole wanders or
land moves it can be c
A) Melting Glaciers is a link between Cryosphere and Hydrosphere
B) This is regulated by temperature (earth is getting hotter causing glaciers to melt earlier and more
frequently) and Climate change.
C) Short term changes can be animal loss and maybe some
1. What is the difference between porosity and permeability?
Porosity is the percentage of a materials volume that is pore space or open space.
Permeability is a minerals capacity to transmit fluids.
2. Define the terms zone of aeration and zone of satura
1. Define geology (in your own words, do not copy the definition directly from the text
Geology is a very broad field, as it incorporates the study of the materials and systems
which make up planets and moons in our solar system as well as
1. What are the three agents of metamorphism?
Heat, pressure, and chemically active fluids.
2. Briefly describe the three types of metamorphism.
Contact a type of metamorphism in which rocks adjacent to plutons are altered by
rising magma and pressure.
1. Define the terms weathering and erosion.
Weathering the process by which rocks and minerals at or near the Earths surface
are broken down through physical and chemical processes.
Erosion The removal of weathered material from their source by way of run
1. What pieces of evidence did Wegener use to reconstruct Pangaea and support his
theory of continental drift?
In order to reconstruct Pangea and support his theory of continental drift, Wegener
used a variety of evidence including how shorelines of diffe
1. Describe the characteristics of the four types of seismic waves.
S-waves Shear waves. Type of body wave with an up and down motion, and they
vibrate at right angles in relation to their direction of travel.
P-waves Compression waves. Type of body wav
1. What are the differences between valley glaciers and continental glaciers?
Valley glacier A glacier that is confined to a single mountain valley or interconnected
mountain valley system.
Continental Glacier A glacier that covers a vast area and is not
1. Explain why volcanic gases and pyroclastic materials are more dangerous than lava
Volcanic gases and pyroclastic materials are more dangerous than lava flows, because
pyroclastic materials such as ash and ejecta move very fast and can cause seri
1. What is the difference between stress and strain?
Stress is a measure of force per unit area applied to a material such as rock or a mineral
deposit. Strain is simply the resulting deformation caused by stress.
2. What is the difference between an anti
Answer the following questions.
1. What are the criteria used to define the term mineral?
The criteria used to describe minerals are: naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline
solids, with narrowly defined chemical formulas
2. What are the four main typ
Cirques, head to head converge on a horn. Separated by aretes.
Roche moutonnee with striations. Ice moved from right to lef
Glaciers - moving bodies of ice
a. Dynamics of glaciers
i. Formation of glaciers
1. Net accumulation of snow year after year
2. Snow becomes denser, granular snow firn
3. Firn fuses together to form dense glacial ice
4. Glacial ice of sufficie
PHYSICAL GEOLOGY 1170
2nd EXAM sample
I. Multiple Guess: Choose the best completion or response to each of the following statements. Please mark your
answers on the Scantron sheet numbers 1-30.
Heat, pressure and chemically active fluids are the:
Independent versus dependent and codependent variables.
If you have two variables that show a relationship, one can ask about the
nature of the relationship. If one variable is controlled by the other, it is
considered the dependent variable, and the cont
Energy flow and
Tracing energy flow through
CONSERVATION OF ENERGY
The 1st law of thermodynamics is that energy cannot be created
nor destroyed, and is known as the Law of Conservation of
Within a closed system, energy
What drives Earth systems
of Earth materials:
Water in all states
energy in various
Earth Science System (Geology 1100)
When water flows or falls, energy can be generated. Falling rain gains kinetic energy
from its gravitational potential like water flowing down from mountains. The generation