0 out of 2 points
One of the things that distinguishes Tibetan Buddhism from other branches is the belief that a
person that properly uses and maximizes the energy of their mind and body can achieve Nirvana
in one lifetime
Introduction to World Religions
Instructor: Brady DeSanti
Office: ASH: Religious Studies #205 B
Office Hours: T/TR 1:00-2:00 or by appointment
Contact: [email protected] (email)
Welcome to Introd
Review of Key Terms and Concepts from Judaism and Christianity
-Monotheism: one supreme diety
-no other dieties exist, only 1
-appears periodically in different cultures
-can be personal or remote
*JUDAISM WAS NOT A MONOTHEISTIC RELIGION AT FIRST*
Religion is the service and adoration of God or god as expressed in forms of worship
Problem is, when we expand view of what happens in the world, there are religions that do not
involve a deity, ex buddhism.
Buddhism founder didnt advocate worship of god
The midwinter solstice celebration of Wicca is most com
Established groups of Wiccans are called
The word "Voodoo" comes from the Fon word "vodun,"
The Sunni and Shiite branches of Islam split over a dispute about
The Muslim calendar begins on the date
The caliph was
The holy object within the square shrine
The word Allah means
The correct answer for each question is indicated by a
The term messiah means
angel of the Lord.
Son of God.
For those who would turn Jesus into a champion and pr
amrit Nectar made with sugar and water, symbolizing the sweetness of compassion.
Dasam Granth The collected writings of Guru Gobind Singh.
Five Ks The symbols worn by Khalsa members.
gurdwara A Sikh temple.
Guru Granth Sahib (Adi Granth) The sacred script
1. What about Jesus teachings may be considered radical?
2. What factors influenced the development of Christianity? Consider Judaism, persecution,
empire and political power, monasticism and mysticism, and the Western Enlightenment.
3. How are contempora
Allah The one God, in Islam.
caliph In Sunni Islam, the successor to the Prophet.
fatwa A legal opinion issued by an authority according to a particular school of law; often
erroneously defined as an edict against someone or something.
hajj The holy pilgr
apocalypse The dramatic end of the present age.
apostasy The accusation of abandonment of religious principles.
cult Any religion that focuses on worship of a particular person or deity.
ethnic religions New religions that emerged since the fall of commun
A monk or nun who renounces worldliness for the sake of following the path of lib
eration and whose simple physical needs are met by lay supporters
Shinto purification ceremony
Righteous conduct, the Confucian virtue stressed by Mencius
anatman (Pali: anatta): The principle that there is no eternal self.
anitya (Pali: anicca): Impermanence.
arhant (Pali: arhat or arahat): A worthy one who has followed the Buddhas path to liberation.
bhikshu (Pali: bhikkhu; feminine: bhiksh
A monk or nun who renounces worldliness for the s
ake of following the path of liberation and whose si
mple physical needs are met by lay supporters
Shinto purification ceremony
Righteous conduct, the Confucian virtue stress
Religions of the West Spring 2017
Multiple Choice Questions write in the correct letter (one point each)
1. Jesus public years begin with his _.
2. The word gospel means _.
NAME Megan Schroeder
This open book quiz focuses on Judaism. Be sure to include your name above
and to answer each question. Your completed quiz is due no later than midnight,
Jainism is the fourth of the great faiths of South Asia. It is not a Vedic religion and
is practiced by a relatively small number of adherents, about 6 million world-wide.
There is no founder of the faith as Jains believe that the world is eterna
The term Hinduism is a label created by the British during their occupation of South
Asia to designate those who were non-Christians for the purpose of a census. The more
appropriate name of this spirituality is Sanatana Dharma. This term literal
SAT SHRI AKAL God is True and Timeless
Sikhism is the 5th largest faith in the world, with about 27 million followers. Begun in
Northern India, Sikhism is a blend of Hinduism and Islam. In the late 15th century,
both religions were present in what
VAJRAYANA (TIBETAN) BUDDHISM (pgs.164-169)
Branch of Mahayana, practiced in northern South Asia (Tibet, Bhutan,
Nepal, Mongolia and northern India) and through the Tibetan diaspora
King Songstan (7th c. C.E.) declares Buddhism to be the national religio
Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274) Faith compliments and completes reason
One can have some knowledge of God without faith, but scripture enriches faith
Faith and reason properly used cannot contradict each other
Via Antiqua the old way
SCHISM IN BUDDHISM
The Buddha did not name a specific successor because each person has to find their
own path. However, his cousin Ananda stepped forward to lead the sangha. The
stories of Buddhas life and teachings were originally preserved in the memor
Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism
Unit Exam Study Guide
Be familiar with the following sacred scriptures of Hinduism:
Be familiar with the following entities (gods/goddesses and people)
Buddhism Unit Test Study Guide
The Buddha was born circa 560 BCE in northern India into the Shayka clan. His father was King
Suddhodana, his mother Queen Maya. Siddhartha is thought by some to be an incarnation of a
AGES OF JUDAISM
Patriarch (c. 2500 1500 BCE)
a. Abraham leads people to Canaan
b. Chosen People symbolized by circumcision (Gen 17:10-14)
c. Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and Rebekah, Jacob (Israel)
Exodus and Revelation (c. 1280 1200 BC
NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS (NRMs)
Cult a new religious movement that represents a distinct break from other
traditions. Often times an independent religious tradition in conflict with
society because it is seen as new and different.
Audience cults- People m