Battle of 1st Bull Run (Manassas), 21 July 1861
Strategic context: General Winfield Scott proposed the Anaconda Plan, a naval
blockade of Confederacy and campaign down Mississippi River which would slowly choke the
Confederacy to death through e
British & American Strategies
Center of Gravity in Revolution:
British: pop. & will of Parliament & People.
Americans: Continentals; GW.
British couldnt win w/ Continentals around.
GW (though Nathanial Greene would take command if anything happened to
Daniel Morgan: won nearly perfect tactical victory, w/ major attrition of enemy force that
conducted Waxhaws massacre, but despised leader escaped.
Lexington & Concord: illusions shattered: They shot at us. We fought back.
1 target city
Brits training & discipline shown; costly win w/ 45-50% losses.
Militia held fast until ammo ran out.
Going to be a long war.
Service based on ideology.
Temporary regulars, endured severe privations.
Cornwallis wants to meet w/ navy.
Asks Clinton for help, but he is under siege up north, and doesnt send help.
De Grasse goes from Caribbean to Yorktown: fights British navy & uses
advantage of wind: blocked some winds for British ships & w/
Aug. 1780: Camden:
Fighting in lines.
Militia _ Continentals.
Cornwallis: Regulars _ Tories (Loyalists).
Regulars destroy militia, but Continentals put up fighting against Tories.
After destroying militia, regulars force continen
Known as red snow due to bloody tracks left in snow.
1 girl in her diary wrote that the men had no shoes & barely any clothes.
Her family donated blankets to individual soldiers.
11,000 went in.
Several thousand died.
7,000 came out.
1777: British 3 pronged strategy to isolate NE:
Burgoyne in person presents plan to gather Loyalists to Germain.
Howe has a different plan: to attack Philadelphia (thinks Germain approved plan) 6
week lag time a factor b/t America & Britain.
Worked by pedaling.
Plan for attacking British ships: drill hole in ship, pull drill bit, pull mine up, and
get away before mine explodes.
On 1st attempt: pilot cant see where hes drilling, so when drill hits metal
1637: Pequot War (see article).
Euro killed, Indian culprits not found.
Pequots offer to turn over culprit when found, but colonists blame them.
CT has westward expansion of settlement to get away from tight control of
Quarter of tri
Peace is the dream of the wise; war is the history of man Sir Richard Burton quoting a
The story of the human race is war Sir Winston Churchill, Malborough, 1933.
The nations military history is a constant factor in the evolution of American life