U.S. Foreign Relations (USFR): Intro:
How U.S. became powerful:
Isolated from Europe.
Europe had its own issues.
Resources & econ growth.
Unilateral: not making long-term obligations.
The U.S. have adventured upon a great & noble experiment, which is believed to have been
hazarded in the absence of all previous precedent that of a total separation of Church & State.
No religious establishment by law exists among us. The consc
Clay & Calhoun oppose Jackson as potential opponent for Presidency.
Adams-Onis treaty: FL, west boundary via series of rivers, Am gave up claim to TX.
Threats in hemisphere:
European intervention in Latin American colonial revolts.
Russian colonies in AK
Navy success: Great Lakes & privateers (pirates w/ licenses) 450 right away.
Brits shift resources to U.S.
Navy becomes non-factor.
Lake Champlain stops Brit invasion, stalemate.
Blockade including NE (started out excluded from blockade).
USFR: War of 1812:
Why fight the Brits?
Vulnerable in Canada.
Maritime issues: ships & trade ($).
Carrying trade: cargo wasnt ours, broken voyage (West Indies Am
Europe) which Brits ignored.
Impressment of sailors (Fr d
Rebuilt navy & strength of army.
GW (honorary commander) & Hamilton 2nd (wanted to attack Sp
possessions & was pro-British).
Doesnt want to fight Sp.
Alien Acts lengthen wait for citizenship time & were aimed at Republican
Expand liberty to south: Sp & Caribbean.
Pay back debt.
Recruit Am to fight Sp.
To no $ & no ports & would arrest Am taking Spanish possessions.
Goes over Pres to people.
Fr (Jacobins) agreed to recall Genet.
Genet asks if he
Relations w/ Fr:
Most favored nation status: best deal.
Restricted trade in West Indies via tariffs.
Am diplomat was Thomas Jefferson.
Barbary pirates: took hostages & ransom.
Am problems: $ worthless & rebellions.
Those involved in foreign relations fav
Attempt to invade Britain.
More Brits out of gulf.
Northern border at great lakes.
Fisheries (Nova Scotia).
Access to Mississippi R.
Southern boundary at 30 degrees.
How do weaker nations win wars?
Am claims to OR Country: Lewis & Clark, docks, pop migration & settlement.
Brits claim to OR Country: Bay Co & docks.
Agreed to disagree: 1827 at 49 degrees.
Polk offered 49 (previous admin offer), but Packenham rejected it, and Polk was