Examples of functions:
One day the father went away somewhere and the stepmother said
to the girl, Go to your aunt, my sister Baba Yaga Pg. 363
One day the merchant had to leave home for a long time in order
to trade in distant lands. Vasi
Member of the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe,
residing chiefly in eastern and southeastern Europe but extending also across
northern Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Slavic languages belong to the Indo-European family. Custo
Vladimir Propps Fairy Tale Functions, Reduced
1. Absentation. One member of family absents himself or herself.
2. Interdiction. An interdiction is addressed to the Hero: a command,
3. Violation. The interdiction is violated
William Thoms* coined folklore after
Alan Dundes- folklore matters, defined folk
as groups of people w/ commonality.
Unilinear cultural evolution- civilization/
education less folklore.
Quest for the Magic Tables
A Variation on the Magic Swan Geese
Once upon a time, in a far of city, in a far off land, in a house
located far off the road, there lived a fraternity. And within this
fraternity there were many brothers, and
Logan Utah State University Press, 1986
Folk Groups and Folklore Genres : An Introduction [electronic resource]. Edited by
Elliott Oring. Logan, Utah: Utah State University Press c1986. Electronic
reproduction. Boulder, Colo. : NetLibrary, 1
Final Review Questions
1. Distinguish epic songs from fairytales.
Epic songs are sung with poetic rhythm and believed to be true while fairytales tend to simply
be spoken and are believed to be fiction. Epics have a specific hero w
Folklore Midterm Review Questions
1. How and why do fairytales reflect rites of passage into adult society (coming of age)?
Often the hero is a young adult who must complete a task or else somehow demonstrate his
worth through a struggle, and
A Variant of the Fairy Tale
Based on Baba Yaga (page 363)
Once upon a time there lived a young man who attended Dartmouth College. The
young man was a freshman, and he had a very tight-knit group of friends on his floor
in Russell Sage dormitory. Every da
Vladimir Propps Functions of the Fairy Tale
1. Absentation. One member of family absents himself or
2. Interdiction. An interdiction is addressed to the Hero: a
command, request, etc.
3. Violation. The interdiction is violated.
Russ 13 Discussion 4
Question 1: What is a Myth? What do Myths explain?
Myth is a sacred narrative explaining how the world and man came to be in their
Origin of univers
The proverb is the other genre which has metaphor at its core and which is closely related to the
riddle. Remember how the proverb Trees do not grow without roots emerged as a counterpart
to a riddle What grows without roots? Man? Look at the riddl
What are the three main cycles of the bylinas and their major themes?
The three major cycles of the Russian bylinas are the mythological cycle, the
Kievan cycle, and the Novgorod Cycle. The mythological cycle stresses titanic
figures like Svygator. The Ki
As we discussed in class, a true riddle depends on a comparison drawn between two things: the
thing actually described and the thing (referent) to be guessed. Look at the following Russian
riddles from Dmitri Sadovnikovs collection Riddles of the Russian
The riddles below are also from Sadovnikovs collection but I omitted the answers to them. Try
to come up with your own plausible answers to these riddles. How did you discover your
answers? What exactly were you looking for? Reflect on your thought
Do you see any similarities between Viy and the fairy tale?
Viy and the fairy tales from Avanasevs collection share many similarities in the types of
characters involved. Both seem to center around the concept of supernatural beings. In the fairy
He ran and ran in the woods until he came upon a durian, the king of fruits. Durian,
durian, tell me: where have the roaches crawled? If you eat a morsel of my sweet moist
flesh, Ill tell. Oh, in my masters kitchen we do not even eat the flesh of durian.
When the boy had come to, he yearned for another pinch, but the box of spice was
nowhere to be found. He looked high and low, rushed hither and thither, but still could not
find his masters precious item. Tears streamed down his face as he thought of the
What distinguishes myth from legend?
Both myths and legends are accepted as fact, but have their own defining characteristics as
well. Myths, for example, are received by culture as a sacred reality. The story takes place in a
sacred place, either in the
1. The Magic Swan Geese
Function 1: Absentation
o In the magic swan geese, the old man and his wife left his daughter to
take care of their little son because they were going to work.
o They promised the daughter a bun, new dress, and
Morphology of the Folktale
1. The Tale of Ivan Tsarevich, the Bird of Light, and the Grey Wolf (Afanasev p. 78-90):
Interdiction: Ivan, the hero of the fairytale, is commanded by the Tsar first to watch over his
fathers garden, and then to re