H+ atoms became oxidized and the NAD was reduced
Glucose is oxidized and the NAD is reduced
Cellular resp creates CO2 (specifically Krebs cycle and pyruvate decomposition)
NADH molecules, than FADH molecules conserve most of the energy in the
Intro/Purpose: Organisms and cells must keep a stable internal temperature to
make sure that chemical reactions are able to happen within the cell. Cells try to keep their pH
levels stable (6-8) despite the fact that those chemical reactions occurring wit
May 16, 2016
Biology Competency Test Free-Response Answers
The Nature of Science
1. One will be able to see the puppy grow and develop because as time goes on, the puppy
will become larger and be more house-trained which is a sign of maturity
Learning Activities Answers
1. Students may have a variety of examples including seatbelt use, water
chlorination, smoking cessation programs or ordinances, health fairs,
cardiac risk screening, exercise programs, etc.
2. Examples of hea
Keystone Review Packet
10th Grade Keystone Test Prep (Part II)
This packet contains information to help you prepare for the upcoming Biology Keystone exam
on May 21st and 22nd. As you will see, this packet is broken down into several major the
Total points possible: 50
Punnett square problems vary in the number of possible points earned
(total 20 pt. for 5 punnett squares).
Pedigrees are worth 10 points each (total 30 pt. for 3 pedigrees).
Chapter 31: Fungi
3 Characteristics of all Fungi
1. Heterotrophic: no chlorophyll: saprobes. (eats dead or decaying matter).
Mutualists (lives with another thing in harmony) or parasites (feed
Chapter 52: Ecology
Ecology is the study of relationships in the environment.
1. Organismal Ecology: Includes the adaptations of physiology, evolution, and
2. Population Ecology: Includes population size, changes, and effects.
Chapter 29: Evolution of Land Plants
Cyanobacteria: First photosynthetic organisms
Appeared about 1.2 Billion years ago.
Small Land Plants: Date back about 500 Million years ago
Large Land Plants: Date back about 400 Million years ago
*There are presently
Process by which plants change light energy into chemical energy.
Autotroph- An organism that sustains itself without using energy from other organisms
Producers- Produce food for themselves and serve as the basis of the food cha
Introduction to Metabolism
Metabolism- includes all the chemical reactions which occur in the organism
Anabolism- All the synthesis reactions which occur
Catabolism- All the decomposition reactions which occur
Metabolic Pathways- Series of reactions which
Aerobic Respiration- Breakdown of organic nutrients in which oxygen is used
(better/more efficient than anaerobic)
Anaerobic Respiration- Breakdown of organic nutrients in the absence of oxygen
Fermentation- Process of anaerobic respi
Necessary for the survival of almost all multicellular organisms
Release of enzymes and hormones
Signal transduction pathways- response of a c
Cell Membrane Structure and Function
Fluid Mosaic Model of a Cell Membrane
Permeability: When objects CAN pass through a membrane.
Nonpermeable: Nothing get through the cell membrane.
Permeable Membrane: Allows things to get through the membrane.