INTRO TO GEOGRAPHY: CHAPTER 1 VOCAB
Absolute Direction (8)- North, East, South, West
Absolute Distance (9)- Refers to the spatial separation between two points on earths surface
measured by an accepted standard unit: miles, kilometers, feet, or measures.
Chapter 3 Vocabulary/ Geography
Alluvium- the sediment carried by a stream and deposited in a floodplain or delta
Asthenosphere- Above earths interior- a partially molten layer
Chemical weathering- the decomposition of earth materials because of chemical
September 4, 2013
Chapter 1: Questions p.19
1) In what two meanings and for what different purposes do geographers refer to location?
When geographers say location matters, what aspect of location commands their
Area cartogram- Also known as the value-by-area map, where the areas of units are drawn
proportional to the data they represent
Azimuthal Projection- True directions are shown from one central point to all other points.
Chapter 3: Questions on pg 79.
1. How can rocks be classified? List three classes of rocks according to their origin. In what ways can they
be distinguished from one another?
Rocks can be classified into three categories: igneous, sediment
Geography Questions- P.117 , chapter 4.
1. What is the difference between weather and climate?
The state of the atmosphere at a given time and place is weather. Climate is
the long-term average weather conditions in a place or region.
Chapter 8 Questions pg 272:
1. What is the role of distance in helping us understand spatial interaction?
Spatial interaction is the term geographers use to represent the interdependence
between geographic areas. Distance determines the
Geography Chp. 7
Pg. 242 Questions
1. What is included in the concept of culture? How is culture transmitted? What personal characteristics
affect the aspect of culture that any individual acquires or fully masters?
October 20, 2013
Chapter 6- Pg 194
1. How do the crude birth rate and the fertility rate differ? Which measure is the more
accurate statement of the amount of reproduction occurring in a population?
Crude birth rate: the annual number of
Chapter 5: Questions, pg. 157
1. What is the basic distinction between a renewable and nonrenewable resource? Why do
estimates of proved reserves vary over time?
Renewable resources: materials that are replaced or replenished by natural
Chapter 10 Questions
The atmosphere is made up of mostly of nitrogen (78 %) and oxygen (21%)
with the remaining 1% being made up of argon, ozone, and
1. During the 19th century, there was a large increase in population growth, which caused
an increase in consumption in natural resources. In America and Australia most of the
forests were cut down to create more fa
Chapter 6 Questions
Biological Homo sapiens are suited for only the warms climates; meaning the
tropical wet and dry climates where temperatures dont fall under 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
This land area
Chapter 8 Questions
Traditional agricultural systems included systems such as sedentary
agriculture (growing one or two primary animals and crops in a perman
Chapter 7 Questions
About 300 years ago, the world experienced a large population boom. Around
this time, much new technological advancement in agriculture, transportation, and
medicine were taking place. Technological adv
Chapter 1 Questions
In the 20th century the world population has grown exponentially, creating more
consumption of resources, more cars on the roadways, which adds large amounts or
pollution to our air. The global atmosphe
Chapter 3 Questions
Environmental geography includes all issues from environmental degradation to
quality of life, which considers several aspects of geography including: physical, human,
regional, and economic. The geogra
Chapter 9 Questions
During the 18th and 19th centuries, the energy revolution helped to develop
urbanization and industrialization by providing energy to mechanisms that allowed
Chapter 5 Questions
Ecosystems are considered to be several energy systems interacting with each
other. Food chains are the energy systems that start with the energy converted into
organic matter through plants. Each food
Chapter 4 Questions
Earth is a unique terrestrial plant and is different than the other planets in our
solar system. There are three specific features of the earths surface environment that
allows life to thrive. These are