Types of Surveys
Surveys are classified according to their focus and scope (census and sample surveys) or according t o the
time frame for data collection (longitudinal and cross-sectional surveys).
A survey that covers the entire populati
The experiment, especially the true experimental design is often the measure of choice when attempting
to determine a cause and effect relationship. Utilizing randomization and the pre-testing and post-testing
of both an experimental gr
True Experimental Design
True experimental design makes up for the shortcomings of the two designs previously discussed. They
employ both a control group and a means to measure the change that occurs in both groups. In this
sense, we attempt to control fo
Quasi designs fair better than pre-experimental studies in that they employ a means to compare groups.
They fall short, however on one very important aspect of the experiment: randomization.
Pretest Posttest Nonequivalent Group.
Pre-experimental designs are so named because they follow basic experimental steps but fail to include a
control group. In other words, a single group is often studied but no comparison between an equivalent
non-treatment group is
Qualitative, Historical, and Narrative Research in Mathematics
Qualitative research uses different forms of data from those used in traditional research methods.
Qualitative methods consists of three kinds of data collection:
Unit III Electronic Retrieval of Data and Related Literature
The student should become thoroughly acquainted with the university library, the locations of its
varied facilities, and the services it provides.
A list of books and periodicals available and t
One of the most difficult phases of the graduate research project is the choice of a suitable research
Although there are different types of research problems in education, the shared theme is a search for
The Scientific Approach in Education
A. Sources of Knowledge
The sources of knowledge may be categorized under five headings:
iii. Deductive Reasoning
iv. Inductive Reasoning
v. The Scientific Approach