Chapter P. Phase diagrams.
After studying this chapter, you will be able to P1. P2. P3. P4. Sketch the phase diagram of a solid solution and analyze this diagram: determine the composition and amount of each phase for a given overall composition and tempe
Magnetic Materials. (Traugott Fischer, Stevens Tech.)
APCs Magetism. After studying this chapter, the student will be able to: 1. For important classes of applications such as transformers, door catches and magnetic data storage, define whether
Section 3. Structural Materials.
Structural materials are the ones we use in the construction of buildings and machines where we rely on their response to applied forces. In buildings and machines, we rely on the ability of the material to resist deformat
Chapter 6. Fracture, Fatigue and Creep.
After studying this chapter you will be able to: Distinguish between ductile and brittle fracture. Describe a stress concentrator (also called stress raiser) and the danger it represents. Distinguish between the res
Fabrication of integrated circuits.
The microprocessor chip of a modern computer contains about 500 million transistors on an area approximately 11 x 11 mm (about inch square). Moore's law is often cited in the development of computers. In 1965, Gordon Mo
2.1 THE PLANETARY MODEL OF AN ATOM We know that atoms consist of a small, positively charged nucleus that is surrounded by negatively charged electrons. The nucleus is composed of protons and neutrons. Each proton carries an electric charge of + 1.6x10-19
The Structure of solids.
After having studied this chapter, the student will be able to: 1. Distinguish between a crystal structure and an amorphous structure. 2. Describe the concept of a unit cell. 3. Describe the FCC, BCC and HCP structures.
4. Ceramics and Semiconductors.
In this chapter we analyze the consequences of a filled valence band. The chemical bond that is obtained in this case is covalent for elemental solids and ionic or mixed covalent-ionic for compounds. The nature of the chemi
Chapter 5. Polymers.
Polymers constitute another important class of materials. It is immediately obvious that they are different from metals and ceramics. They are generally lightweight, which reflects their composition: they are organic materials, consis