Measure waves in wavelengths(lambda) from one peak to another
Measure up and down in waves in frequency(f) how many times it osculates per second (osc/sec=hz)
wavelength * frequency = speed of light
speed of light = 3*10^8 m/s
longer wavelength shorter fr
New Jersey Institute of Technology- Fall 2014
PHYS 203 THE EARTH IN SPACE (3-0-3)
Introduces the fundamental structure and phenomena of the Earths atmosphere and the Sun,
the interactions occurring between the two, and associated hot-topic and/or
- The study of igneous activity
*Question format: Mafic lava crystalizes into what rock?
- Mafic: most amount of silica, least viscous, ocean floor, spreads out more easily creating a wide
shallow volcano (shield volcanoes), least amount of tr
Earth in Space - Lecture 1
Hydrosphere- sum total of all water on Earth
Oceanography- study of the Hydrosphere
Atmosphere-sum total of all air on Earth
Meteorology- study of the Atmosphere
Biosphere- sum total of all life on Earth
Biology- study of the Bi
LECTURE 4 OCEANOGRAPHY
Gyres circulating in the Ocean. There are 5 large subtropical gyres: The N and S Atlantic Gyres, the N and S
Pacific Gyres and the Indian Gyres. Technically these are also the 5 oceans.
There are some small sub-polar gyres but no la
4TH TEST STARTS HERE
1ST Lecture of Meteorology: The study of the Atmosphere
Atmosphere is thin level of gas held to a planet by gravity.
Our Atmosphere is approximately 80% Nitrogen gas (N2), 20% Oxygen (O2) and tiny portions of other gases.
No other pla
LECTURE 2: Meteorology
Remember the atmosphere is composed of nearly 80 percent Nitrogen gas, 20 percent Oxygen gas and
small traces of other gases (greenhouse gasses).
Altitude and Pressure have an inverse relationship. The higher the altitude in the Atm
Cartography- the study of maps
Maps- flat representation of part of the earth or whole earth.
Earth is not flat(3d), maps are flat (2d) and are therefore inaccurate representations. All maps are
in some way wrong due to a Mathematical theorem
OCEANOGRAPHY LECTURE 3 Ocean Currents
Surface Currents: rivers in the water caused by prevailing winds (will be going in-depth)
Deep currents: caused by density differences (not much covered)
Surface currents are caused by prevailing winds that bl
THE EARTH IN SPACE PHYS 203-004
FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE
Includes syllabus lectures(4) on these topics:
004 Earth In Space
2nd LECTURE OF OCEANOLOGY
Water in the ocean is salted water.
Salinity: the concentration of salt in a liquid. It can be altered by changing the amount of water or salt in the
1. Salinity is directly related to amount of salt.
2. Inversely relate
Geospace Instrumenta/on: Ground-based
(aka, remote sensing)
How Do You Get Informa/on From These Various
Regimes Without Actually Going There?
How Do You Get Informa/on From These Various
BASIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS
Everything in the entire universe is made of matter which made of atom.
The atom itself is made up of a nucleus (or center) of atomic particles called protons
and neutrons, the nucleus is orbited by particles called e
METEROLOGY Lecture 3
Pressure Gradient Force moves air from high pressure to low pressure. This force is weaker if isobars are more
Wind does not always go perpendicular to the isobars.
Other force making air blow is the Coriolis force (pseudo for
- Deep water waves, shallow water waves, transitional water waves
- Deep water waves are only a function of its wavelength
- Shallow water waves are only a function of it depth
- Transitional in the middle
- Wind fetch is the distance wind blo
March 24, 2016
- Summer Monsoon moist air from Indian Ocean to Asia, flooding India
- Winter Monsoon dry air from Asia to Indian Ocean, dry maybe drought conditions in India
- Monsoon means time of year / season
- El Nino is an
February 8, 2016
- A mineral and a rock are two different things
- Mineral a natural occurring solid inorganic object with a definite chemical structure
- Properties of minerals color, color in is powered form (streak),
First Exam Notes
- The planet we call Earth is a system.
- Geology is the study of the Earths geosphere, the solid part of the Earth.
- Oceanography is the study of the Earths hydrosphere, the totality of all water on
February 18, 2016
- Theory of Plate Tectonics: The lithosphere of the Earth is fractured into about 20 pieces
(tectonic plates), that are floating on the asthenosphere and are being pushed around by
April, 7, 2016
- Layers of atmosphere Troposphere, tropopause, Stratosphere, stratopause, Mesosphere,
- Any planets furthest distance from the sun is the aphelion, closest to the sun is perihelion
- Earths P
February 25, 2016
- At a transform fault boundary where there is active creep and earthquake is not likely
- The focus is the source of the earthquake energy and is deep within the earth
- The epicenter is the p
February 11, 2016
- Petrology is the study of rocks
- A rock is a naturally occurring solid inorganic object that is a mixture of minerals
- Petrography is the study of the classification of rocks (different types of rocks)
April 14, 2016
- Cyclone is a region of low pressure surround by high pressure, anti-cyclone opposite
- If relative humidity is reached in a cyclone, clouds and maybe precipitation will occur
- If relative humidity is reached
The largest storms in the world form from low-pressure maritime-tropical air
masses. These storms are called hurricanes if they form in the Atlantic Ocean, and
they are called typhoons if they form in the Pacific Ocean. Other than this, there is
Today 3/10/2014 PHYS 203 Lecture
Geology is done,
Moving on to 5 lectures of Oceanography (test on this)
Oceanography: study of earths oceans (hydrosphere)
Water covers 70 percent of the earth.
97 percent of earths water is in oceans, less than 3 percent
OCEANOGRAPHY LECTURE 5
Reflection: when any wave bounces off another medium. Example reflection in a mirror, light bounces off
the glass in a mirror and we see our reflections.
Refraction: when a wave bends because it was transmitted into another medium a
EXTRA CLASS NOTES FOR THE 5TH EXAM
The Professor has stated that you should read the book to learn if you dont have the notes or if your notes dont
seem good enough.
COVER THE FOLLOWING
GROUND WATER PROCESSES
Ground Water: underground water. Many think of
Overview of Common Remote Sensing Instrumenta5on
Not complete at all! Focus only on SOME NJIT-CSTR instrumenta=on
Only discuss solar, solar wind, and magnetospheric instrumenta=on.
The Center for Solar-Terrestrial Resear