Works of Mozart &Beethoven
Opera Seria- Opera with a serious and noble theme. Generally used past
kings and Gods as protagonists, endings generally involved regicide or
suicide, declined with the onset of the French revolution.
Opera Buffa- Opera with a
February 18, 2016
Ethics vs. Morals
Are they synonyms?
- No, but they are commonly used that way.
Morals- individuals code of behavior based on religious or
- Define right and wrong
- Can be ration
Art representing subjective pain and torment within modern humanity (loss
of authenticity and spirit). Industrialization, over urbanization, and WWI as
Reaction to realism and positivism.
Innovative avant-grade style as rejection
Meter- duple or triple (2 or3). First tap the beat, next find the
downbeat/heavy beat, lastly determine whether there there are 2 or 3 beats
Tempo- know various tempi and what speed they indicate
Key- major, minor or chro
Chapter 1: Elements of Music
1. Sound- Music is an art based on the organization of sounds in time.
2. Musical Notes- Synonymous with tones, (definite and steady vibrations)
Defined by the frequency of their vibrations
3. Intervals- The distance or
A cultural movement emphasizing solitary emotions in relation to nature an
Reactionary to the logic and reason behind the Enlightment/French
Nationalism as important to style.
17th Century American Music
Protestant pilgrims maintain European musical traditions in church setting.
Musical culture of both Native Americans and African slaves ignored until
Dvorak in 19th century.
Church psalms and hymns sung in practice called lin
Medieval Music (476-1450)
Music in the service of God.
Passed down through oral traditions until the 7th or 8th century, when a
notated system was created by the Catholic Church.
The earliest sacred music was in the form
The Classical Era (1750-1800)
Age of Enlightment
Rejection of traditional authority principles for human reason, analysis and
individualism. Human control over a ration universe.
Galileo Gallilei, Sir Francis Bacon, Sir Isaac Newton, Jean-Jacques Rousse
An artistic movement emphasizing mood, atmosphere, and light, rather than
realistic portrayals of the subject. Color takes precedence over line.
Inspired by invention of the camera, artists reacted to the objectivity of
photos with increas