Obesity and Overnutrition
Causes and Consequences
Adipose tissue = Fat
White fat (really yellow) is
just beneath the dermis
surrounding the internal
most fat cells have
In adulthood: a few more
DNA: purposes and
Diane L. Markowitz, DMD, Ph.D.
DNA has at least 3 major
Acts as a set of instructions for
Directs the production of new cells
Reduces the diploid
DNA markers and quantitative variation
How do we derive the information?
PCR or polymerase chain
reactionmore DNA copies
PCR mimics DNA replication in
1.) Denature the DNA.
2.) You must already know th
In the beginning, there was a
And so allele frequency changed.
The first force of evolution is mutation and it increases
variation in a species.
Environmental Influences on
Growth: simple increase in size.
Development: change in function.
Both are part of the process of
Why learn about human growth and
Growth and dev
Human Biochemical Diversity
Antibodies and HLA Antigens
Patterned Innate Immunity
Antibodies on surfaces of
RBCs, in circulating
plasma and in T cells
bind to pathogens and
1. neutralize toxins produced
2. attract phagocytes to
The Human Population
Think of the earth as a living organism that is being attacked by billions of bacteria whose numbers
double every forty years. Either the bacteria dies, or both die.
- Gore Vidal
This lecture was taken from:
The Human Population a
LA Antigens and Hemoglobin Varian
A Human Karyotype
Your HLA antigens are
coded for by over 200
genes on the short arm
of chromosome 6
Roughly 20-40 of these genes are involved in determining which white
blood cell antigens will be found in your defensive
College of Liberal Arts & Sciences
Fall 2011, Section 2 M/W 12:15-1:30PM
LECTURE SCHEDULE (TENTATIVE), some lectures may be cancelled due to
guest lecturer availability, some topics may take lon
a subject within Physical or
Whats it all about?
The History of U.S. Anthropology
The 4-field approach was The father of American anthropology
first articulated by Franz
Human Variation, Fall, 2011
This course is designated multicultural/global, gen. ed. and fits in the Social Sciences bank. It fulfills one
of the requirements for the Anthropology Minor.
Prof. Maria A. Rosado, PhD
Welcome to Human Variation! I think tha
The Production of Biological
There are 3 kinds of cells in your
1.) Somatic cells
2.) Sex sellser
3. Red blood cells.
Somatic Cells and Everything Else
There are only 2 types of cells in your
Linnaeus system of classifying animals
The system is hierarchical:
from the general to the very specific
The rules governing the classification and naming of
species is called TAXONOMY.
Why do it?
How does it work?
It reduces the complexity of ou
Mutations in RNA
occur during the process of
transcription or translation.
can occur during any one cycle of
protein production by a single cell
during its lifespan.
are not heritable, because they
only occur during the lifetime of an
Objective for this Exercise: you will be modeling how the blueprint in a sequence of DNA is
ultimately translated into protein. By the end of this exercise, you should understand what the
consequences are for a mutation during:
a.) protein production (tra
21 September 2015
In the novel, Science and Creationism: A View from the National Academy of
Sciences, Second Edition, the author digs deep into the ever ending debate of science
and creationism. Each chap