Using the distinction between the understanding and the will, how does Descartes explain
the cause of error and its avoidance?
The mind can be divided into understanding and willing
o The interaction of these two creates mistakes
Given the previous analysis of the cogito, what is Descartes preferred criterion of truth?
His preferred criterion is that whatever I clearly and distinctly grasp (conceive) is true
o Intuitive apprehension of an a priori truth
What is the cogito, ergo sum and what role does it play in Descartes project.
The cogito ego sum is the statement I think, therefore I am which reaffirms ones own
o Fundamental truth that Descartes was looking for
o Absolute certa
Explain Lockes rejection of innate ideas and his own search for truth. Explain Ls version
of the Empiricist principle.
1. The rejection of innate ideas/a priori truths
a. The simplest explanation is the best
2. The empiricist principle
Identify the three historical events that mark the transition from the medieval to the
o Rebirth of classical learning
Focusing on man and his condition
o Creation of the