The study of matter and the changes it undergoes is Chemistry.
The ancient Greek philosophersfor example, Aristotlewere not successful as
scientists because they failed to test their ideas with experiments.
Fracis Bacon first argued that science
Chapter 1 Review Questions
1. State five characteristics of science. Which characteristic best serves to distinguish
science form other disciplines? Science is testable, reproducible, explanatory,
predictive, and tentative. Testability best distinguishes
A number is in exponential notation when it is written as the product of a coefficient and
a power of 10.
A number is called scientific notation when the coefficient has a value between 1 and 10.
To add or subtract numbers in exponential n
Carbohydrates in the Diet
The three main foods are carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
Dietary carbohydrates include sugars and starches (monosaccharides/disaccharides and
Two monosaccharides: glucose aka dextrose and fructose a
Chapter 6 Notes
Many substances can exist in the three different states, but which state a substance
exhibits depends in part on the physical properties of that substance, and in particular on
the pressure and the temperature it experiences.
Chapter 5 Notes
5.1 Chemical Sentences: Equations
Chemistry is a stud of matter and the changes it undergoes and of the energy that brings
about these changes or is released when these changes occur.
A chemical equation is a shorthand way of describing
Chapter 4 Notes
Chemical bonds are the forces that hold atoms together in molecules and hold ions
together in ionic crystals. The vast number and incredible variety of chemical compounds
tens of million are knownresult from the fact that atoms can form b
Chemistry Chapter 3 Notes
3.1 Electricity and the Atom
The electrolytic decomposition of water by Nicholson and Carlisle in1800 indicated that
matter has electrical properties.
In 1800 Alessandro Volta invented an electrochemical cell much like a modern
Chemistry Chapter 2 Atoms, Are They Real?
2.1 Atoms: The Greek Idea
The name atom is derived from Greek atomos (meaning cannot be cut).
The Greeks believed all matter was composed of fire, air, water, and earth, and all matter
is continuous, not atomist
Chemistry Chapter 1
Chemical is a somewhat technical term referring to any material with a fixed, specific
compositiona chemical element or compound.
Chemistry is the study of matter and the changes it undergoes. Matter is anything that
has mass, a prope