The Pantheon as Microcosm
Concept of Space
The Significance of Geometry
GEO - METRY
The Circle as Sacred
-Represents wholeness, unity, and the divine order of
Expanding from the nowhere of its
Stierlin, Henri, and Anne Stierlin. The Roman Empire. Koln: Taschen, 1996. Print.
-The architecture that the Romans created is one of the most significant in human history. The
buildings that survive today, broadly dating from the end of the second centur
Brown, Frank Edward. Roman Architecture. New York: G. Braziller, 1961. Print.
-The architecture of the Romans was, from first to last, an art of shaping space around ritual.
Together or singly, they sought identity and fulfillment in their performance and
Professor Leslie Wallick
Greek & Roman Art
Parthenon Frieze: Viewpoints from Joan B. Connelly & Martin Robertson
The subject matter of the Parthenon frieze has been frustrating for art historians such as
Roman Architecture, The Pantheon
-Patron for building was Hadrian, possibly also the architect.
-Architectural marvel, dramatic, engaging, interactive
Initially the building would have been placed in a courtyard, where only the portico woul
The word Geo-metry comes from the Greek words meaning Earth and Metron meaning To
measure, which together literally translate as the Measuring of the Earth or Earthly
measurements, an art which was traditionally r
Norberg-Schulz, Christian. Existence, Space and Architecture. New York, Praeger Publishers. 1971.
-space as human dimension, pg 7
-On the basis of a theory of existential space, I therefore develop the idea that architectural space may be
Bourguignon, Jean-Pierre, Michel Casse, and Herve Chandes. Mathematics: A Beautiful
Elsewhere. Paris: Fondation Cartier Pour L'art Contemporain, 2011. Print.
(Aristotle, Physics, pg 2)
-This saga, in which pure creativity is mixed with the hard labor of m
Three main systems of proportion in architecture.
1. A system based on the musical ratios
2. A system based on the golden ratio
3. A system based on the square, Sacred cut square and octagon
Smith, E. Baldwin. Architectural Symbolism of Imperial Rome and the Middle Ages.
Princeton: Princeton UP, 1956. Print.
(E. Topitsch, Society, Technology and Philosophical Reasoning, Philosophy of Science, 24, 1954,
(Jaeger, The Theology of th