Kinetic Model and Pressure.
The force on a wall can be calculated using Newtons Second Law of Motion:
force, F, equals the rate of change of momentum, F = p/t.
Each molecule of mass m with an x-component of its
velocity vx, upon colliding with the wall, c

Chem 434 Spring 2016
Homework for Chapter 1
Homework due Wednesday in class, February 17
From Atkins- Physical Chemistry, 10th Ed.
Chapter 1
EXERCISES
10th ed
9th ed
1A.2(b)
1A.8(b)
1C.2(b)
1C.8(b)
PROBLEMS
1A.6
1C.14
1C.16
1A.8
1A.12

Classical Integrated Average Relationship
If a classical system has a coordinate x, the probability of finding the
system at any point x is given by the probability distribution function
P(x ), then the average value of a parameter A( x ) is given by the

Chapter 3. The Second Law
The First Law tells us that the energy of the universe is constant - energy
is conserved but it says nothing about the spontaneity of physical and
chemical transformations
Consider the formation of water:
H2(g) + O2(g) 6 H2O(l) f

Chapter 2. The First Law
Thermodynamics is study of the
transformations of energy.
1st law of thermodynamics
(conservation of energy):
Do you remember
what the 0th Law of
Thermodynamics is
about?
Energy is neither created nor
consumed, it simply changes f