Terms & Issues
Amygdala: Two lima bean-sized neural clusters in the limbic system; linked to emotion.
Axon: The neuron extension that passes messages through its branches to other neurons
muscles or glands. (p.36)
Aim of Technique
Question your interpretations
Rank thoughts and emotions
Gain Perspective by ranking your thoughts and emotions from mildly to extremely upsetting.
Explore difficult situations, assessing possible conseque
Unconscious conflicts from
Reduce anxiety through selfinsight.
Interpret patients' memories and
Barriers to self-understanding
Control symptoms of
Alter brain chemistry through drugs.
Chapter 15 Terms & Issues
Active Listening: Empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and
clarifies. A feature of Rogers client-centered therapy. (Pg. 549)
Antianxiety Drugs: Drugs used to control anxiety and agitation. (Pg. 56
Psychology Exam #4
Key Terms & Issues
Medical Model: The concept that diseases, in this case psychological disorders, have
physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured, often
through treatment in a hospital. (Pg. 507)
Validity: The extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to. (Is the test
Reliability: The extent to which a test yields consistent results, as assessed by the consistency
of scores on two halves of the test, or on ret
Adolescence: The transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending from
puberty to independence. Pg. 140
Attachment: An emotional tie with another person; shown in young children by their
seeking closeness to the caregiver and showing dist
Most are psychologists with a Ph.D. (includes research training) or Psy.D. (focuses on therapy) supplemented by a supervised
internship and, often, postdoctoral training. About half work in agencies and institutions