Lectures 1 & 2
the study of microscopic life
o life so small, a microscope is needed for viewing
ancestors of all other life
o archeao bacteria: first life to emerge on our planet and could live in harsh
Lecture 3: The Chemistry of Biology
Atoms, Bonds, and Molecules
matter: all material that occupy space and have mass
o matter is composed of atoms
atom: simplest form of matter not divisible into simpler substances
o protons: (+): subatomic
Lecture 6: A Survey of Prokaryotic Cells and Microorganisms
Characteristics of Cells and Life
all living things (single and multicellular) are made of cells that share common
o basic shape: spherical, cubical, cylindrical
Lecture 7: A Survey of Eukaryotic Cells and Microorganisms
they first appeared approximately 2 billion years ago
evidence suggests evolution from prokaryotic organisms by symbiosis
organelles originated from prokaryotic cells trapp
Lecture 9: Chemical Agents
antimicrobial agents- a chemical used to kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms
sterilant- a chemical that causes sterilization meaning you have destroyed or removed all
microorganisms from an ob
Lecture 10: Drugs, Microbes, Host- The Elements of Chemotherapy
Principles of Antimicrobial Therapy
administer a drug to an infected person that destroys the infective agent without harming
the hosts cells
antimicrobial drugs are produced n
Lecture 4: Tools of the Laboratory/ The Methods for Studying Microorganisms
key characteristics of a reliable microscope are:
o magnification: ability to enlarge objects
o resolving power: ability to show detail; limits useful
Lecture 5: Characterizations of Microorganisms
pure culture: one single organism type in a culture (all identical from one parent cell)
mixed culture: more than one organism (the way we find things in nature)
culture media: wha
Microbiology # 2 Review:
1. Figure out which elements microorganisms need and trace elements
2. What is reduced media is used for?
3. Selective media?
4. Differential media?
5. Enriched media?
6. Chemically Defined?
7. Characteristics of Agar
Microbiology Review Test #1
1. Which are the single celled microorganisms?
2. What did Hooke do?
3. From Hookes observation what was the next observation that occurred?
4. What is the germ theory?
5. What are vaccinations?
6. What observations did Pasteur
Lecture 8: Nutritional Requirements and Media
o heterotroph: use organic molecules to get its carbon
o autotroph: use carbon dioxide as their source of carbon, can live on simpler type
o carbon, hydrogen and oxyg
Notes Human Anatomy and Physiology Homeostatic Control Mechanisms
continually disrupted by internal and external environments
balance regulated by
Negative feedback summary:
Notes Human Anatomy and Physiology Cardiovascular system
carries O2 and nutrients to cells and wastes away
regulates temperature, acid-base balance, and H2O
Notes Human Anatomy and Physiology Disorders of the Circulatory System
Disorders of the Circulatory System
Anemia - lack of iron in the blood, low RBC count
Leukemia - white blood cells proliferate wildly, causing anemia
Hemophilia - bleeders disease,
Notes Human Anatomy and Physiology Heart Valves
Bicuspid or mitral
Prevent blood from flowing back
Consists of plate of fibrous connective tissue between atria and ventricles
Notes Human Anatomy and Physiology Body Sections or Planes
Body Sections or Planes
Sagittal or Median divides body into left and right portions
Mid-sagittal divides body into equal left and right portions
Transverse or Horizontal divides body into superi
Notes Human Anatomy and Physiology Circuits
The blood pathway between the right side of the heart, to the lungs,
and back to the left side of the heart.
The pathway between the left and right sides of the heart.
Notes Human Anatomy and Physiology Introduction
Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy study of structure
(Greek a cutting up)
Physiology study of function
(Greek relationship to nature)
Levels of Organization
made up of subatomic particles
Notes Human Anatomy and Physiology Requirements of Organisms
- most abundant substance in body
- required for metabolic processes
- required for transport of substances
- regulates body temperature
- provides necessary nutrients
- supplies ener
Notes Human Anatomy and Physiology Organ Systems
regulates body temperature