February 20, 2015
Case study: tells story about individual with psychological points
o Describe someone elses personality and whats going on in their love life. How
does the personality affect their love life?
o Disguise personality
o Use the same struc
Transformation of Sensory Information: Because sensory information results from nature of
mind or brain, its independent of experience
Phi Phenomenon: Between flashes, it appeared that the light was moving from one position to
Law of Pr
Chapters 9, 10, 12, 13
1. What ages are early childhood?
a. Ages two to five
2. According to Piaget, how long does the preoperational stage last
a. Ages two to seven
3. At what age do children first engage in pretend play?
a. Around age two.
1. What did Piaget mean by formal operations?
- High levels of cognitive development. Adolescents in this stage =
cognitive maturity. Ages 11-12 or later. Individuals increased ability
to classify objects and ideas, logical thought, hypothe
Notes Adolescent Psychology Social Emotional Development
Social Emotional Development
Who am I? Where do I belong?
- Identity development (gender, sexual, ethnic)
- Role of peer group
How do I relate to others?
- Social Skills
Notes Adolescent Psychology James Marcia
From Marcias Ego identity development, 1980:
Although some identity crises are cataclysmic and totally preoccupying, identity
formation usually proceeds in a much more gradual and unconscious way.
Notes Adolescent Psychology Cognitive Development
to argue for the sake of arguing
to be self- centered
to constantly find fault in adults position
to be overly dramatic
ability to think abstractly
ability to analyze situations
Notes Adolescent Psychology Who am I
Who am I
Identity clearly important topic in adolescence
Some theorists (e.g., Erickson) have essentially equated issues of identity with
Identity represents the 5th
stage in Erikson's 8 stages
Notes Adolescent Psychology Identity
As Erik Erikson pointed out, the search for identity marks an important step in
adolescence. Adolescents may go through an identity crisis, during which they
struggle to understand themselves and decide their
Notes Adolescent Psychology Introduction
Adolescence used to be automatically associated with trouble. Recently, however, researchers have
found that adolescence is not always so difficult, even with all the changes that occur during this
Notes Adolescent Psychology Adolescent Development
There is no consensus about the age range that defines adolescence.
A fairly common one is young people ages 10-19.
According to that 2000 census there are ap
Notes Adolescent Psychology Rounding Out the Picture
Rounding out the picture: Diffusion
Deal with existential anxiety with involvement in immediate, right now sensation
More feelings of inferiority, alienation, and ambivalence; poorer selfconcept; less
Notes Adolescent Psychology Criticisms of Marcias Approach
Criticisms of Marcias Approach
Marcia has oversimplified Erickson's notion
Many faucets to identity:
When individuals are assigned to one of the four
Notes Adolescent Psychology Social Clocks
A midlife crisis
is a time of doubt and anxiety in middle adulthood.
Research suggests, however, that midlife crises dont automatically happen
when people reach middle age.
The empty nest refers to the time in