object de twist, and still others with other con-
become that an accidental peep issues
sonants as the twisting widgets. You do not
when a profound pop was intended.
need to practice them in public, in groups, or
3. Know where you want to go with your
The 2NR is part line-by-line debater and
most subtle manner possible, without giving
part salesperson. At the end of the day, the
the judge the idea that the NEG thinks the
2NR has got to package the NEG position(s)
NEG is in trouble and certainly without
4-2 and breaks to the Elimination Rounds, and
confidence to speak each of the elements from
the team that is 4-2 but does NOT break, will
knowledge, rather than from paper.
be your speaker points. Another benefit of get-
No doubt, Policy Debate will gr
Ten Helpful Little Hints.
GET GRADES. Do your class work,
being a student who excels in the classroom,
homework and group projects to the
best of your ability. Study well and hard
for each of your tests, exams and quizzes.
mouth, so that you can utter words and not be
the proper moment. Additionally, as you can
caught short of the air needed to speak those
observe for yourself by listening to the best
words, phrases and thoughts that will take you
speakers, you can soften y
something else on the flow, in such a way that
be making reminders during the 2AR will
the judge CAN vote for the AFF even while
be markedly lessened.
the judge is holding her/his nose. While big
picture 2ARs might sound nice, the winning
B. THE ROUND END
come a proficient, successful public speaker
so alliteration, repetition and soft language, pre-
you must develop a vocabulary that is second
cisely presented can make you better understood
to none, and the wisdom, judgment and dis-
each time you speak. W
The title of the second invited contribution is ESB Ocean Energy Projects A Utility Perspective on
Cost and Performance Requirements. The authors, John Fitzgerald and Fergus Sharkey of ESB (the
Electricity Supply Board; Irelands largest electricity u
Additionally, become a member of Harvard
ber of free online articles and publications
Universitys sponsored Planet Debate (www.
that explain specific aspects of debate theory
planetdebate.com), and try to access their free
and practice. Finally, we can al
The movement of your body in front of an
audience is like a dancer in a ballet or Broadway
D. EYE CONTACT.
Musical . . . intentional, fluid and undertaken
The eyes are the windows to the soul, so
with the idea that the movement itself plays
said someone f
2.1 / MEMBERSHIP
The Implementing Agreement on Ocean Energy Systems (OES) was initiated by three countries in 2001.
As of December 2011, 19 countries are members of the OES: Portugal, Denmark, United Kingdom, Japan,
Ireland, Canada, the United States of
you, the better able you will be to succeed in
2NC will be the 1NC and the judge. When
school, life and debate. Enjoy your life and live
your coach talks, listen to what is being said.
it well and fully.
When the judge gives an oral critique, hear
to better gauge the judges reactions to
sible card. Understanding that LIFE is bigger
the points being made both by your op-
than debate sometimes is a tough thing to do,
ponent and by yourself.
especially for those who get consumed with
Public Speaking Made Easy.
hen surveys are taken of people from diverse cultural backgrounds,
having varying degrees of education, the survey results uniformly reveal that public speaking is the single most difficult thing for people
to want t
DR. JOHN HUCKERBY
Aotearoa Wave and Tidal Energy Association
OES Chairman 2009-2012
Last years Annual Report introduced the new face of Ocean Energy Systems (OES) and a new Vision for
the future of ocean energy. During 2012 we have bee
03 / PROJECT ACTIVITIES
From April to September of 2012, the final report was written and then reviewed by Operating Agent partners,
technical consultants, and member country representatives. It provides a summary of the current science and
01 / INTRODUCTION
OES BRAND VALUES
Trusted Independent Source - where the information gained is trusted to be up-to-date, free of any
commercial or other vested interests, relevant and practical such that reliance on it will enable forward
Appreciating the kind words of our retiring Chairman, I would like to take the opportunity to thank Dr. John
Huckerby for four inspiring years, in which he consistently put his efforts into enhancing and improving the
ing. By the same token, a person who refuses to
cluding people from all parts of the room in your
make eye contact appears to have something
eye contact patterns, you can build up a rapport
to hide. The balance between making effective
and synergy with an
1.1 / ABOUT THE IEA
The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an autonomous agency established in 1974. The IEA carries out
a comprehensive programme of energy co-operation among 28 advanced economies, each of which is
obliged to hold oil stocks equivale
with a potential answer. Another way
your constructive speeches or rebuttals.
to identify leading questions is by the
6. SET UP ARGUMENTS WITH
answer. A leading question can/should
QUESTIONS. The goal is to have a
be answered only with a YES or an NO.
04 / COUNTRY REPORTS
Demowfloat project as well as EU Seanergy 2020 project and to the development of a new roadmap for
Portuguese offshore energy. The continuous improvement of a Geographical Information System (GIS)
database, developed at LNEG for si
03 / PROJECT ACTIVITIES
3.4 / INTERNATIONAL VISION FOR OCEAN ENERGY
Leaders of the Activity
Dr. John Huckerby (Chairman of OES) and Mr. Henry Jeffrey (UK Alternate) with help from Ms. Laura Finlay
and Mr. Jonathan Sedgwick (Edinburgh University).
3.3 / ANNEX V: EXCHANGE AND ASSESSMENT OF OCEAN
ENERGY DEVICE PROJECT INFORMATION AND EXPERIENCE
Roger Bagbey, Cardinal Engineering, under the direction of the United States Department of Energy
This Annex entered in
write your administration for more funding.
your work as often as time permits. Put
By writing clearly and concisely you improve
the paper down, get a drink of water
your speaking efficiency and persuasion. 5 tips
and come back to reread your prose.
II. THE MECHANICS OF THE ART OF PUBLIC SPEAKING.
Speaking to an audience, or a judge, can be bro-
lic incorporates five separate areas that need
ken down into five basic component parts. Just
to be understood, and practiced. The first
like a pitcher in ba
I. BE PREPARED: FOR TO BE READY IS TO BE UNAFRAID.
Preparation is the key to overcoming your
idea creation event through the drafting and
fears about public speaking. If you are only
memorization work that will need to be done
going to do impromptu, for e
more, involves RESPONDING to arguments
response. ASK A QUESTION, get
made by your opponents. The precondition to
an answer then ASK ANOTHER
responding to someone elses argument is that
2. PREPARE QUESTIONS IN ADVANCE. The solution to effectivel