Notes World Civilizations East Asia 1840-1949
East Asia 1840-1949
Opium Wars 1840-1842
British East India Company
Manchu (Manchu) Dynasty
Taiping and Nien Rebellions
Empress Dowager Cixi (1835-190
Notes World Civilizations China
Ming Dynasty 1368-1644
Qing Dynasty (1664-1911)
Kangxi (Kang-hsi r. 1662-1722)
Qienlon (Chien Lung r. 1
Notes World Civilizations Introduction
Which of the following was the most important advancement in early
Tool making (technology)
Agriculture (farming, production & processing)
Are these areas of development as
Notes World Civilizations Colonial Africa
Mahdi Rebellion 1880s
Orange Free State 1836
Boer War 1899-1902
Notes World Civilizations French Revolution
French Revolution 1789
Louis XVI (1774-1792)
Estates General 1789
National Constituent Assembly
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
Notes World Civilizations Independence of Brazil
Independence of Brazil
John VI (Jao VI)
Jose Bonafacio de Andrada e Silva
Grito de Yprianga (Sept. 7, 1822)
Notes World Civilizations Russia to WWII
Russia to WWII
Tsar Nicholas II
Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924)
Soviet Council of Worker and Soldiers
Leon Trotsky (1879-1940)
Notes World Civilizations Rene Descartes
The Scientific Method
Rene Descartes (1596-1650) [Deductive Reasoning]
Francis Bacon (1561-1626) [Inductive Reasoning]
The Revolution of the Heavenly Bodies, Nicholas Cope
Notes World Civilizations Plants of the Americas
Tomatoes, Potatoes, Corn and Beans
Plants of the Americas
Would the world have been without widespread black slavery if there had been
no sugar and c
Notes World Civilizations Renaissance
Thomas More, Utopia
Machiavelli, The Prince (1516)
Magna Carta (1215)
30 Years War 1618-1648
Holy Roman Empire
Treaty of Westphalia 1648
Notes The Middle Ages Introduction
Changes in Western Europe
Repeated invasions and constant warfare ended the Western Roman Empire:
Disruption of Trade-Merchants faced invasions from land and sea.
Businesses collapse and money becomes scarce.
Notes The Middle Ages The Church & The Holy Roman Empire
The Church & The Holy Roman Empire
After the death of Charlemagne, the Holy Roman Empire was the strongest
kingdom that arose from the ruins of his empire.
When Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne em
Notes The Middle Ages The Crusades
In 1099, crusaders conquered Jerusalem and forced Jews and Muslims to
convert to Christianity, leave the city, or die.
Fighting continued in the Holy Land between crusaders and Muslims, who were
Notes The Middle Ages England Develops
By the early 800s, there were many small Anglo-Saxon kingdoms throughout the
former Roman province Britain.
For centuries, invaders from various regions in Europe landed on English shores.
Notes The Middle Ages Education of a Knight
Education of a Knight
At around 21, a squire became a full-fledged knight.
Knights were to abide by a complex set of ideals, which became known as the
code of chivalry.
Later in the Middle Ages battles were o
Notes The Middle Ages The Catholic Church
The Catholic Church
The Catholic Church was the only church in Europe during the Middle
Ages, and it had its own laws and large income.
Church leaders such as bishops and archbishops sat on the king's council
Notes The Middle Ages Education
Between prayers, the monks read or copied religious texts and music. Monks
were often well educated and devoted their lives to writing and learning.
Pilgrimages were an important part of religious li
Notes The Middle Ages The Kitchens of Peasant Homes
The Kitchens of Peasant Homes
In simpler homes where there were no chimneys, the medieval kitchen consisted
of a stone hearth in the center of the room.
This was not only where the cooking took place,
Notes The Middle Ages The Myth
We think of knights in shining armor, lavish banquets, wandering minstrels, kings,
queens, bishops, monks, pilgrims, and glorious pageantry.
In film and in literature, medieval life seems heroic, entertaining, and romantic
Notes The Middle Ages The Peasants
At the lowest level of society were the peasants,
also called serfs or villains.
The lord offered his peasants protection in exchange for living and working
on his land
Hard Work & High Taxes
Notes World Civilizations Pastoral Societies
Pastoral societies domesticated animals and raised them for food in pastures.
Developed where there was not enough rainfall to grow crops.
Were usually nomadic, moving on
Notes World Civilizations Major Transformations in Human Society
Hunting and Gathering Societies
Hunting and gathering societies relied on readily available plants and hunted
game for their subsistence.
These societies were:
Small (about 40 members)
Notes World Civilizations Daoism
A contemporary of Confucius was a teacher named Laozi.
Most of what we know about Laozi is so heavily mixed with legend, that it is
difficult to know what is true, and what is myth.
Reject Material Things
Notes World Civilizations Isolated from Rest of the World
Isolated from Rest of the World
Because of its location amidst high mountains and surrounded on many sides by
water, China was isolated from much of the rest of the world.
As their civilization f
Notes World Civilizations Centralization of Authority
Centralization of Authority
Qin Shihuangdi again reorganized the affairs of China.
Instead of a system of nobleman, Qin wanted everything to be under his direct
authority and control.
Notes World Civilizations Ancient Chinese Civilization
Four Thousand Years of Civilization
Chinese civilization extends backwards in history in an unbroken chain for nearly
four thousand years.
Throughout this time, the Chinese people have been instrume
Notes World Civilizations Expansion of Trade
Expansion of Trade
The silk road would become instrumental in the development and expansion of
and the accumulation of wealth in both China and Rome
as well as in Egypt and other nations.