What is a Ballcourt?
With a greater total number of ballcourts than any other sub-
region and more sites with
multiple courts, the importance of the Phoenix Basin is undeniable (Marshall 2001:123)
Hohokam Ballcourts and Their Interpretation
Where Are the Ballcourts?
Phoenix Basin with about 40% of the courts and the court-
sites, the Phoenix Basin
has four times the number of courts and court sites
A Gila Butte Ballcourt at La Ciudad
What is a ballcourt?
Haurys formalized description of the Snaketown ballcourts has become the idealized norm
for the structure of ballcourts (Gladwin et al. 1938:36-
The provenance and concentrated production of Hohokam red-
More than 220 ballcourts were in use across much of southern and central Arizona by the
Sedentary period (345)
Chapter 7 The Hohokam System (202-
a. Major changes in Hohokam society of southern AZ take place between 900 and 1250
b. Salt and Gila River basins (including Phoenix) Hohokam core are because
Into the Earth and Up to the Sky (Elson) Reading Notes
1. Hohokam Ritual Architecture
a. Skilled artisans who made shell jewelry, carved stone palletes, and red-
b. Master builders and engineers
The Archaeology and Meaning of Mimbres Reading Notes
a. Southwestern part of New Mexico and portions of surrounding states
b. To the west upper Gila River
c. Central Mimbres region Mimbres River
The Mesoamerican Ballgame
When were ballcourts built?
Group the courts into three chronological sets (109)
o Colonial/Early Sedentary Period Hohokam Courts (A.D. 700-
o Late Sedentary Period Hohokam Courts (A.D. 1
ANASAZI (ANCESTRAL PUEBLOS) notes day 2
Pueblo I cntd.
tempered (finer temper makes it easier to produce smooth surfaces)
Anasazi Notes 3
EARLY BONITO PHASE CNTD.
Similarities in architecture with McPhee Vilage supports claim that people traveled
from north of Chaco Canyon down to it
Red Mesa Black-
ANASAZI (ANCESTRAL PUEBLOS) notes
1500 BC AD 500
Contiguous with Late Archaic, pre-
More durable stone materials used for tools in repetitive tasks related to agr
Anasazi PUEBLO III notes
AD 1150 1300
Drought 1130 1180
Rituals in Chaco were mostly used in hope that rain would come for the crops. Because of
the drought, people lost faith in these rituals
Research Notes Ballcourts and Ceramics: The Case for Hohokam Marketplaces in the Arizona
What is a ballcourt?
Some of the largest of the Hohokam ballcourts were built along the middle Gila River at
Research Notes Part II Ballcourts and Ceramics
Hohokam ballgames are thought to have been associated with horizontally organized
market rings, which, as observed elsewhere, supply consumers with basic necessities only