Gingerich: "our brain is by far the most complex physical object known to us in the entire
Our consciousness-mind somehow arising from matter-remains a profound mystery.
Birth of psychology on December 1879 in Germany's University of Le
What is heritability, and how does it relate to individuals and groups?
Heritability- the proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes. The
heritability of a trait may vary, depending on the range of populations a
Case Studies- a rare and unusual case that cannot be studied from many people because there are
none, so you must study the one case alone
o Ex. Genie- had abusive father who kept her tied up and did not talk to her. Mother was
How can we describe data with measures of central tendency and variation?
Data can be summarized using some measure of central tendency, a single score that represents a
whole set of scores.
Mode- the most frequently occurring score(s)
All Species Have the Same Problem:
Survival of offspring
o Precocious species
High number of offspring at a time and over their lifetime; High parental
investment not required.
o Dependent species
Ethology and Comp
The Cultural Context
What is Culture?
o Culture is the sum total of learned behavior in any given society
What do cultural psychologists do?
o Study differences in the way things are done differently in different
o Challenging: all of us are imbe
What are positive and negative correlations, and why do they enable prediction but not cause-effect
Describing behavior is the first step toward predicting it
Correlation- a measure of the extent to which two factors vary togeth
Review Exam 3
The Physiology of hunger
The Psychology of Hunger
Stigma of Obesity
Chapter 1: Thinking Critically with Psychological Science
Our thinking, memory, and attitudes operate on two levels, conscious and unconscious,
with the larger part operating automatically.
Intuition is important, but we often underestimate its perils.