PSYC 327 I) Final Exam -Tues May 14, 2007 -EEB 110 4:30-6:30 -Same format 50% old 50% new II) Notes From Movie -Hermit crabs take in new homes that are more suitable for them. They may take homes from other hermit crabs if they are strong enough to g
A model of the evolution of learning
-are the benefits associated with learning greater or less than beenfits of a fixed genetic
-scientist argue that natural selection should favor the ability to learn when the organisms
Interaction of Genetic and Cultural Transmission -finches: -male song is passed vertically form father to son -songs of ground finch and cactus finch very different -females mate with males singing song typical of their species -females do not mate with m
-alarm calls: warn others that a predator is in the vicinity
-risky because it draws attentinon to the caller
-most often emitted by females
-males leave home to find mates, females typicaaly stay in nata area
-How do animals learn?
-Learning: a relatively permanent change in bheavior as a result of experience
-phebotypic plasticity: ability of an organism to produce different phenotypes depending on
-sometimes can be learned or could b
When is the last time the earth atmosphere had as much CO2 as it does now?
650,000 years ago
Which of the following is true of brain development among hominins between 7 and 4 million years ago?
There was little or no brain developme
EVOLUTION AND BEHAVIOR
DOCUMENTARY REVIEW QUESTIONS
Charles Darwin and the Tree of Life (BBC)
1. What was the source of the western worlds understanding of the natural history of
the world before the scientific revolution? The bible was t
The Day the Earth Almost Died
1. What creatures dominated the land during the Permian period?
Please supply an example of this type of creature. What creatures
preyed upon them?
Therapsids (half mammal half reptile) ruled the Permian
Which of the following is not a quality that men look for in women that they are interested in having a
long-term relationship with?
Which of the following does not qualify as evidence that an asteroid strike occurred and caus
NOVA scienceNOW: First Primates (PBS)
1. When did the K-T event occur?
65 million years ago
2. How old are the most primitive primate fossils?
56 million years old
3. What is a plesiadapiform?
Tiny mouse like creatures which lived in the period bet
What contribution did Marie Curie make in support of Darwins theory of Natural slection?
Discover that radiation is part of the decay of certain atoms like uranium
This primate is found only in the rainforests of the Congo has a matr
Yellow Highlight= general/important concepts
Pink Highlight= examples
Chapter 1: Principles of Animal Behavior
Scientific method: scientific observation, measurement and experiment and
the formulation, testing and modification of hypotheses
Theoretical Foundation underlying kin selection
Relatedness and Inclusive Fitness
Beldings Ground Squirrels
Males migrate from their group to find mates
Females mature in their
Exam 2 will be on chapters 6,7 and 8
How information is carried
Kinds of Cultural Transmission
Conditioning effects (predator recognition warning)
4 Types of Questions
What causes this behavior?
What changes occur within the body?
I.e. Mouses behavior
Mouse learns to not go to a garden because a cat is there (driven
Mendels Law of Genetics predicts the distribution of behavioral phenotypes
Mendels Law of segregation: Individuals have 2 copies of each gene and they
segregate family during the formation of eggs or sperm
Mendels Law of Independent Assortmen
TMR 3:30 hosted by evos
500 words Sumamry
Real people in real dillemmas golden balls
If both contestants choose a Split ball, the jackpot is split equally between them and
they both go home with half the money they've won.
If one contestant choose
Approaches to ethology
-Conceptual-integrating unconnected ideeas in new ways to make advances in the field
-ex: WD Hamiltons theory of kin slection
-natural selection not only favors behaviors increasing the reproductive success of an
inidiviudal but als
-Behavioral Geneticists: -Use mendel's laws of genetics to predict the distribution of phenotypes -map genes for behavioral traits -use other measure of heritability to determine what percent of the variation in a behavioral trait is genetic and what perc
-Mating Systems: -Monogamous: male and female mate with only each other during a given breeding season -fitness consequences: amles sired more fofspring with females they preferred -preferred female differes across males -proximate factors: prairie voles
PSYC 327 A) Generally, behavior is functional
B) Nonfunctional / Dysfunctional 1) Environmental Changes across generations: organisms adapt to survive in changing ecological niches. a) in the past humans ate all available food to store whe
PSYC 327 -Brood Reduction -Game Theory -Protangon stats
May 8, 2007
-Marginal Return Theory: -a dollar is worth more for one who makes $10 an hour than to someone making $100 an hour. Percentage gain. -Hawk/Dove Game -Bourgeois / Antibourgeois -haw
I) Developmental Homeostasis A) Infantile Amnesia 1) when young rats and adult rats are tested for memory, the adult rats usually have an easier time recalling memories 2) Paradox 3) Reinstated i. With ducklings, they use imprinti
PSYC 327 I) Jerison A) Intelligence Proportional to:
Brain Mass (Body Mass) e2/3
B) Homoiotherms vs. Poikilotherms C) Movement has to do with how warm muscles are. Humans move slower in the night because their muscles are colder than duri
A) Sperm Competition -females that mate with more than one male will have many kinds of sperm in her. -If sperm A and sperm B compete in a woman, the one that has a greater abundance will have larger chance of fertilizing female t
April 10, 2007
A) Reciprocity Altruism 1) "You pat my back, and ill pat yours" 2) Not always in the same kind a) beta male in polygamous relationships. Betas groom the alpha males in hopes that they may be able to mate with a female in the
PSYC 327 Next Quiz: Tuesday, May 1, 2007 I) Optimal Foraging Theory -Caloric Value of prey -Search Time -encounter rate -Handling Time -capture and ingestion -optimal foraging theory is incomplete. It does not factor in other attributes.
April 17, 2
April 24, 2007
I) Notes on movie (Hunting and Escaping) -tomato frog- secretes poison to predators. Problem with poison is that if you are not found good enough to be eaten, the concentration of poison may have killed you. -salamanders- th
polyandry in social insects: - a single queen often mates with many worker males -greater levels of with-ingroup conflict due to many patrilines -beenfit to the female: -offspring are more likely to survive disease due to their varied genes -sperm repleni