Phil 149 Environmental Ethics and Policy: Study Guide for the First Exam (3/4/14)
Know the main concepts covered in lectures and the readings.
Know the thesis statement and argument(s) for each of the readings.
Rather than memorizing d
The Ecology of Order and Chaos
Balance of Nature
Recurring patterns around the world
Nature seems stable
Cooperation between species - symbiosis
History of Ecology
Succession Theory (1930-1950)
assemblage of plants had achieved the close
The Land Ethic
Thesis: A thing is right when it tends to preserve the integrity,
stability, and beauty of the biotic community
Development of a non anthropocentric ethics: (How?)
Ethics to people around you Ten Commandments
Ethics to the government
Light Ecological Restoration and the Culture of Nature
Thesis: Argues for ecological restoration
What is it?
Recognition that a responsible and complete
environmental philosophy includes a public
component with a clear policy
PHIL 149 -Environmental Ethics and Policy
Elliot Faking Nature
The Restoration Thesis
If fully restores no value lost
Problems with the Restoration Thesis
Cannot be completely undone
Mountain top removal
If restoration can be completed, all value is NOT
Links feminism with environmentalism and ecology.
Connects the domination and exploitation of women with the environment.
Reconnects women and natures a remedy to this exploitation.
What are the Problems?
Grossly unjust wealth distribution
-The Friends and Strangers Problem
If e have duties to strangers we dont even know, then we have duties to those
who dont exist yet.
-The Futurity Problem (three parts)
1. The Temporal Location of Future People (Temporal Location Problem)
Aesthetic Appreciation of the Natural Environment
Santayanas Two Problems with Natural Aesthetics (What
What and how are we supposed to appreciate
Object of Art Model
Appreciate one particular piece for its aesthetic
Ethics of Respect for nature
Thesis: We should respect all living organisms
Biocentrism (4 characteristics of a biocentric outlook)
Humans are thought of as members of Earths
community life, holding that membership on the same
terms applies to all nonhuma
Study Guide for Names and Terms: Baker-Kant
A. Baker-Introduction to Philosophical Thinking
Intuition Tests and Thought Experiments
J. Nolt- Fundamentals of Logic
Premises and Conclusions (Premise and Conclusion Indicators)
-Justice as fairness
-Veil of ignorance
-Principles of justice
1. Liberty principle
2. Difference principle
-Formal v. Fair Equality of Opportunity
Focuses on char
Wilderness Now More than Ever
Noss critique of Callicott
Callicott erects a straw man of wilderness (based
essentially on the Wilderness Act of 1964) that is
30 years out of date.
Everyone with any brain knows that wilderness
boundaries are p
Take Home Quiz
1. According to Partridge, we have perfect duties to future persons.
2. Recall Parfits discussion of the following two principles: B: If the same number of lives
would be lived either way it would be bad if people are worse off th