Context: related to Hispanic, Blacks = larger and at center of controversy
o #s and 90s
o Racialize: one group is inferior to the other, pick out bad traits and flaws
on them, give reasons WHY theyre inferior
Background and Introduction to African Diaspora in the US:
1. Black experience in the US both similar and different to other minorities experience
of prejudice and discrimination with other subcultures and were influenced positively and
Culture and Ethnicity:
Culture: refers to an entire way of life of a group of people. It maintains values, beliefs, practices
and behaviors that help define and differentiate one group from others. These traits are learned
How do we define culture?
o Social institutions (protect and promote culture)
Sub-cultures also want to protect their culture, immigrant sub-cultures continuous in ALL
3 Ps of culture:
Geography Midterm Notes:
5 Geographical Themes:
A. Physical/ natural world: 4 spheres, only important to us in term of climate attracts and
barriers over come.
B. Human Environmental: a series of complex interaction between active agents and existing
GEOGRAPHY 103 P- Frazier
Multicultural Geographies of the
United States Syllabus Fall 2015
Weekly Schedule of Topics and Lab/Assignments
Themes & Concepts
Read Chapter 1
The European Diaspo
Geog 103 Final Exam Review Guide
Unit 1: [1, 22] 
Unit 2: [13, 14, 15] [6, 7] [8, 10]
Unit 3: [16, 18, 20]
Exam 1 (Ch. 1,22, 11)
H2-A: this visa allows agricultural employees to bring nonimmigrant foreign workers
to U.S. for tempora
Chapter 17 This Land is My Land
Kanaiaupuni and Malone
1. What is the meaning of place in the Hawaiian perspective, i. e. what does it contain and
reflect? Why is this important?
2. How does place connect the natural elements and living creatures?
Period #3: 1952 Present
- more medical schools
- needed more doctors, used immigrants
- one skill for women we needed was nursing
- spreading out to interior after focus on the two coasts
- not just in urban areas, but spreading out to suburb (spending po
PERIOD #3 Institutional Racism by the Government
- to keep neighborhoods harmonious, keep neighbors same ethnicity
- therefore, blacks pushing out of ghettos were held back by FHA and VA (not given mortgages)
- Recall the roles of State and local governme
3 Distinct Period:
PERIOD 1: 1840s 1881:
Context: US growth in industrial revolution, Gold Rush, and Angloziation of the West; activities,
Pre-1840 in China
*Chicago & Urbanization: Industrialization: magnets of immigrants: expansion
The Asian Diaspora in the US
- three distinct periods
- Pre 1882: unrestricted Asian Immigration
- 1882 1951: Restricted Asian Immigration: Cheap Labor Needs, pull factors from asian origins, hard
work for low pay, the race-place connections, racializatio
Period #1: Immigrants and Institutions
Recession/Depression/Violence: by 1870s, West Coast slipped into significant economic downturn
- West Cost capitalist had small numbers of European immigrants to rely upon so labor supplied by the
Chinese for a varei
Mexican Legacy Puerto Ricans Cubans
o Roots in Spain
o Very diverse today
*Concentrated but DISPERSING!
Population and Geographic Trends:
o Importance of Gateways:
CA, NY, TX, NJ, FL, IL
Emerging: Orlando, DC, Charlotte, Austin
o 1830-1860: Canal Era Irish and German
o 1860-1890: Rail Era Swedish and British
o 1900-1940: Pre-WWII Era Italians and British
Refugee vs. Immigrant:
o Refugee has no choice but to leave, already have social institutions i
Chapter 14 Review Questions
1. According to Jones, recent times have not been kind to Mexican immigrants in the U.S.
He suggests stages of their experience. Summarize them.
Prior to 2007-there was an accommodations of sorts regarding Mexican immigrants.
27. Five states were the destinations for the majority of illegal Latino immigrants.
Which two had the highest numbers?
California and Texas.
28. A number of non-western states had few illegal Latino immigrants prior to 1990
but saw their numbers increase
18. What metropolitan regions in two different states are home to the majority of
Cubans living in the U.S.?
Miami, Florida and Union City-West, New York.
19. What reasons are given for the migration of Cubans to the U.S., rather than to
nearby Latin Amer
11. Only 1,500 Puerto Ricans were counted on the U.S. mainland in the 1910 U.S.
census. During the 1920s, nearly 41,000 additional Puerto Ricans migrated
there. What two factors prompted this surge?
The economic boom that followed WWI and the limitations
Chapter 11 Review Questions
1. What is the name of the region in which early Hispanic settlers and the ancestors
of Mexican Americans moved to? It contains New Mexico, which held the largest
Hispanic population in 1821.
This region is known as the borderl
6. How did Zelinsky identify the Anglo-American culture? Use his 4 motifs and examples of
their expression of American cultural landscapes in your answer.
reverence for individualism
a high valuation placed on mobility and change
a mechanistic world vi
Geography Chapter 1 Review Questions
1. The human geography of the U.S. was modified after WWII, reflecting some of the major
social, economic, and political changes of post-war America. Identify these geographic changes.
Suburbanization continued after
18. \ Explain the 2 types of Black suburban ring settlement of the late 20th century North.
The first of these ring settlements involved spatial spillover of Blacks from the
central city into adjacent suburban jurisdictions, into its adjacent communities.
12. Compare the different North and South ghettoization processes that operated in the
1950s and 1960s.
In the North, the Black population represented or more of the citys population.
The changing proportions of Blacks in these cities were related to the
Chapter 6 Review Questions
1. The technology that dashed any hope for Black emancipation in the U.S.
The invention of the cotton gin in 1793 dramatically increased the demand for
slaves. The result was a rapid growth in the slave trade and in the number o
Outlying ethnic enclaves:
Barrios barrios orig were segregated and some distance from town center but urban expansion
engulfed them and then filtering down of housing allowed expanstion
Colonias- refer to spanish-speaking towns within 150 miles of the Mex
Membership in an ethnic group is voluntary
- he or she is born into the group
- often some individuals chose to discard ethncity
- some remain with co-ethnics for a variety of reasons/security, sense of home, common beliefs,
- WE-ness create
Ch. 12: Civil Rights as Geospatial Work: Rethinking African-American
Resistance REVIEW QUESTIONS
1. What do the authors suggest in order to better understand African-American
- It means engaging with the spatial strategies employed to address
The Great Migration Important Trend
#1) A large increase in black population in North and near regional and industrial, black movement
towards industrial cities
#2) The African-American population was transported from rural to urban population (Industrial
Chicago: City of the Century US Center of Industrialization
- The Revolution shaped landscapres industrial pollution, despair, wealth
- it shaped immigration demand for cheap labor 50M and many to chicago
- it shaped haves and have-nots and institutional
Hispanic Latino Diaspora of the US
- Hispanic/Latinos contributed significantly to the increasing diversity and complexity of multicultural
geography of the U.S.
- During the US expansion of 1800s to mid 1900s, Mexicans = overwhelming majorit
The African Diaspora: 4 Time Periods
- Black experience in US both similar and different to other minorities. They shared the experiences of
prejudice and discrimination with other subcultures and were influenced positively and negatively by
- 1952 INA- instills preference system for skilled workers did not abolish the quota system- includes
family reunification as preference
- flipino skills: Men and women health occupations. men doctors, dentists, other healthcare fields
- women l