What is the history of Buddhism?
Who is The Buddha? What did he teach?
How are the teachings of Buddhism reflected in the Ashokan Columns and the Mahastupa
at Sanchi? How are these objects used? Why were they built?
Does the religion permit the B
Questions to ask about each object:
See the information posted on blackboard: formal analysis and contextual analysis.
You may also consult the information placed on bb: taking an art history test by S. Barnet.
Required for all exams:
Contextual analysis is trying to understand art in its cultural context. This can mean focusing on
the work of art as it exists today, or on the work of art in its own time or at another point in its
history. You may look at the social
Art Midterm Outline March 21st
Chapter 3: HIGH RENAISSANCE and the transition to the Baroque
Mannerism a style emerging in the early 1500s, following the Renaissance, and distinguished
for the way in which artists began elongating forms, using greater chi
16th c. Art in Italy
The goals are to:
trace the shift in the artistic center from Florence
to Rome, and to recognize the efforts of Pope Julius II
to create a new golden age.
understand the Vatican as a site for the creative energies of the most
Donatello, David, c. 14461460(?) (height 5 2 1/4)
Classicism is a specific genre, expressing itself in literature,
architecture, art, and music, which has Ancient Greek and
The Northern Renaissance:
The goals are to:
learn about the attention to texture and luminosity in
Flemish painting in the depictions of the natural world and
learn why so many Italians were the patrons of Flemish
ART HISTORY CHAPTER 18- 14th century art in Europe (Italy)
27 BC-5th Century- Roman Empire Control
5th Century is Peak for the Greeks
5th-15th Centuries- Middle/Dark Ages
No artistic progress
Plague caused many deaths
Final part of middle ages
Southern part of Asia; origin of Buddhism as it spread
What was its appeal?
democratic & free of caste system; wisdom, compassion, humility
What are key symbols of Buddhist statues?
Awakened one is Siddhartha
Nirvana: release from reinc
Express divinity and sacredness w/o use of body figure images
Origins: Mecca, expanded to Jerusalem
ANICONISM; BAN on image production, shunning of images of divine beings
The Islamic resistance to the representation of living beings stems from
ART OF THE AMERICAS Before 1300
OLMECS, 1200 BC - 400 BCE
Between Mexico and Central America
all had different environments
communication was key
sustained themselves with trade
Isolated from Egypt
similar to mastabas, ziggurats
tall enough so ever
MacGregor: Jade Axe (#14)
What does this object tell us about ancient trade routes and accessibility to
cultures other than ones own?
Through the highly sought after jade axe, we are able to deduce the expensive and
exotic tastes and lifesty
Flood Tablet (#16)
Where is this tablet from?
The clay tablet dates back from 700 to 600 B.C., and has its origins from Nineveh in
Mesopotamia, which is now modern day Iraq.
What were the far-reaching implications in deciphering this tablet?
Macgregor, Introduction: Signals from the Past, xv-xxvi
What are the goals of MacGregors book?
Through A History of the World in 100 Objects, Neil MacGregor aims to decipher and
understand human history and interaction as told by objects. Th
China and Korea 8000 AD - 1300 AD
Confucianism ~500 BC
Humanistic philosophy, perfect society, social
stability : hierarchical *
Lack of social mobility
Just & harmonious society ; emphasis on peace,
prosperity and order. deference, duty, discipline
100+ years of isolation
assimilated into Buddhism
Tomb + funeral rituals
Unable to find more info because Japanese govt forbids
Placed on burial mounds
Animals + symbols of protection
Settled by river, Indus Valley
Seal Impressions clay tablets - simplified writing
systems, shows ownership
yogic seals, in place of writing
displays lotus position (immobility)
MOKSHA: release, endless cycle of release - no need for 4
Skillful command of realism, portraiture
Ooni of life
Great Friday Mosque (Mali)
Context: Part of daily life + spiritual
Theme: Rendition of heaven on earth
Form: interior courtyard -> golden color of sand
Holy Thorn Reliquary
What is a relic? A reliquary? (You may need to look outside (smarthistory.org) this particular essay
to answer these two questions).
A relic is a historical, religious, or sentimental object that i
Great Stupa, Sanchi
-Buddhist deities also live atop a mountain
-Celestial mountain brought down to earth
-4 gates on every side
-covered with carvings
-scrolls on both sides: text
-once you pass through gate, you leave the mundane world and ente
14th c. Art in Europe
In Chapter 17 the goal is to:
learn about patronage
learn how devotional space is organized
discover the references to everyday life and emotions that
begin to manifest in figural art
explore small, personal, devotional objects
The goals are to:
differentiate between Early and High Renaissance sculpture
understand the Sistine Ceiling within the larger
context of the Vatican
introduce the nude figure in the canon of art history
Michelangelo, Piet, c. 1500 (height 5 8 1/2)
Art Midterm March 21st
Chapter 2: Italian Renaissance
Renaissance: The cultural rebirth that occurred in Europe from roughly the fourteenth through
the middle of the seventeenth centuries.
Based on the rediscovery of the arts, architecture, and literatu
Art Midterm Outline March 21st, 2016
Art - Three basic types or categories:
1) Fine art painting and sculpture
a. An abstract painting
b. A representational painting
c. bronze sculpture
2) Applied art or decorative art art works that are useful or employe
Pollock, Autumn Rhythm (Number 30),1950 (8 9" 17 3)
Namuth, Photograph of Jackson Pollock Painting, 1950.
Popular (designed for a mass audience)
transient (short lived)
expendable (easily forgotten)
The Art of the Americas, post-1300
height of the Empire: 1400-1521
1200-400 BCE Olmec
1400-1521 Aztec height
The Founding of
They were influenced by
love of color and the visible brushstroke
Van Gogh/Munch: emotional content
Van Gogh, Starry Night, 1889
Munch, The Scream, 1897
Shifts in patronage.
Changes in the systems of art instruction.
The evolving positi
Feathered Bowl, c. 1877 (height 5 1/2; diameter 12)
Wampum Belt, traditionally called William Penn's Treaty
with the Delaware, 1680s.
Baby Carrier, 19th century
Shoulder Bag, c. 1860 (23 7 3/4)
Blackfoot Women Raising a Tipi, Photographed c.
The goals of this lecture are:
to learn the stylistic characteristics of the 18th century and their relationship to
the hierarchical structures and extravagances of French court life
Watteau, Pilgrimage to (Return from ) Cythera, 1717
Gros, Napoleon in the Plague House at Jaffa, 1804
Gericault, Raft of the Medusa, 1818-19
Delacroix, Women of Algiers, 1834
Goya, The Third of May, 1808, 1814
Constable, The White Horse, 1819
Turner, Rain, Steam and Speed: The