Colin Turnbull (1924-1994)
multiple degrees from Oxford University
conducted field research on tribes of pygmies living in the Congo (formerly Zaire) and
Uganda; this research resulted in the books The Forest People (1961) a
The Personal Control Account
Agent X has caused E if X was in control of
whether or not E occurred.
s This is just a special case of the but-for
account, since one causes an event if it
would not have occurred but for some
intentional act or omissio
Question 1: How would one say "Hello" to a stranger in France?
Question 2: Choose the most logical response to the following question: Comment ca va?
Je ne sais pas.
Pas mal, et tu?
Eh, je m'appelle Renee.
Question 3: If someone said "Q
[1.4.] Recap: Hobbes, Socrates, Rawls.
We began with the question, Is there a moral obligation to obey the law?
Hobbes answer seems to be yes: there is no morality outside a system of law, and once one
turns over his right of nature to the absolute author
[188.8.131.52.] Kant on International Law.
Relevant works by Kant:
Perpetual Peace (1795) [PP; discussed in your textbook]
The Metaphysics of Morals (1797) [excerpted in your textbook; not to be confused with The
Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (1
[1.3.] Obedience to the Law.
We have seen that Hobbes, as part of the tradition of social contract theory, believes that a
citizens obligation to obey the law can be explained in terms of a hypothetical agreementan
agreement that rational beings would mak
[2.2.] Natural Law Theories.
Again, natural law theorists maintain the following:
(NL1) The human activity of lawmaking must meet certain moral standards in order for it to
have law as its outcome [denies the Social Thesis]
(NL2) The question whether a pr
[2.1.3.] The Opinion of Justice Truepenny.
The jury found that if the defendants killing Whetmore under the described conditions
meant that they are guilty, then they are guilty. The judge then found them to be guilty.
In making these findings the jury an
[1.1.] Introduction to the Philosophy of Law.
[1.1.1.] Philosophy as Inquiry.
The word philosophy derives from the Greek term for love of wisdom (philos = love, sophia
My preferred definition of philosophy is more specific than that:
[184.108.40.206.] The Implied Contract Argument.
After he has begun to lay out the Social Benefits Argument, Socrates hints at a second, related
SOCRATES: . Shall we say, Yes: the state is guilty of an injustice against me, you see,
by passing a faulty
[1.2.] The Absence of Law.
[1.2.1.] Hobbes and the State of Nature.
Thomas Hobbes (England, 1588-1679
In The Elements of Laws, Natural and Politic, Hobbes argued that having a ruler (or
rulers) with absolute power is the best way to ensure a peaceful and
What is Philosophy?
Reflecting on common sense
knowledge, seeking a deeper
understanding of what we already know
s Linguistic or conceptual analysis
s That branch of science that is
concerned with those