PUBLIC AFFAIRS MID-TERM STUDY GUIDE
Philosophical Underpinnings and Founding Principles
o Thomas Hobbes English philosopher who wrote Leviathan a book which
described that all individuals are naturally free which, as a result, leaves everyone
Marbury v Madison: (1803) the Supreme Court announced for the first time the
principle that a court may declare an act of Congress void if it is inconsistent with the
Constitution. William Marbury had been appointed a justice of the peace for the District
I have many favorite shows; one of my favorite would have to be Prison
Break. There are so many reasons why its my favorite. My main reason is
the plot of the story/show. Two brothers who broke out of jail with a group of
1789 first presidential election : George
Washington : 13 States : 12 States
participated in the election
Abigail Adams' reaction to George
1792 : George Washington is re-elected.
This starts the cycle of the every four years,
we elect a new pr
As stated by Ginsberg et al. in the textbook, the constitution of the U.S is to establish Justice,
insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and
secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves As presented in t
According to the readings and the lecture the United States runs under a system of
governments in which power is divided between a federal government and state governments,
which is also called federalism. There are also other governments known as local g
Enumerated Powers: Article I, Section 8
2. Budget and Funding
Congress is clearly the most powerful branch of the government. It is intended to be because they represent the entire nation and
PAF: Final Exam Review
Political Parties, Campaigns, Elections:
-Reserved Powers: elections, election law (electoral college)
-Elections: 2 types
-primary elections: members of the party vote to elect their nominee for office
The President simply signs off on the laws; he has no power to make any of his own laws though he can push for certain laws to be passed.
Constitutional Requirements of Presidency:
14 years resident
these requirements above are used t
Judicial Review: the power of the court to determine whether laws passed by Congress or actions of the executive branch are constitutional
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Supreme Court of the United States
appointed by the President, confirmed by the State
Constitutional concepts are the ideas that came with the document and the fundamentals enshrined in it.
Rule of Law: no matter what a persons station in life, the law applies equally to everyone
Constitutional Republic vs. Democracy
Democracy is rule by t
The concept of checks and balances arose from Federalist #51 and different factions that supported it.
The reason that the factions still existed was because the First Amendment allowed for people to speak their minds and give out their opinions.
Federalism: the system of government whereby the federal (national) government and the state governments divide and share power.
Both the federal government and state governments are sovereign.
Four Powers of Federalism
1. Delegated powers: given to the f
Liberty: idea that people should be as free as possible from government intrusion in daily life
constraints on the government powers
Representation: representatives decide our priorities.
direct election of congressmen
participation and serve in governmen
Key Terms - PUB 1250, First Midterm
For each concept, be able to define the term and explain the significance of the concept for
understanding American politics in a few sentences or a paragraph. In the context of exams, for
full credit, you must be able
Government, Policy, Politics
Types of exam questions
short identification (define concept, provide an
compare and contrast key ideas and concepts
integrative questions: analyze related concepts,
related because they refer to particular
You and a partner have together committed several crimes. The
police have arrested you and your partner, but have put you in
separate interview rooms for questioning. You are unable to
communicate with your partner. After being advised that
How does Public Policy get made?
How are policy ideas connected to politics and
transformed into public policy?
Stages of Policymaking - Linear View