Parties as a Dependent Variable:
Hetherington describes four external elements that shape our party system
the constitutional-legal-political system. Is a relatively constant
the election system. Is a characteristic that can change an
Ch 2 notes continued. politics of accom, ideol homogeneity, competition
III Theoretically Moderate and Inclusive, although less so
Because their key role is to knit together coalitions of groups that
may have conflicting goals, American parties tend to
Political Parties and the Electoral Process: Nominations
Nominating candidates to win public office is the most
important function a party does.
-If a party cant control who runs for office under its label,
then it is a political party in name only.
Hetherington and Larsons definition of parties:
A party exists as
(1) a label in the minds of the voters,
(2) as an organization that recruits and campaigns for candidates,
(3) as a set of leaders who try to organize and control the
legislative and execut
Chapter 2 Chief Characteristics of American Parties
The political parties for principal institution for popular
control of government. Lets look at them
dispersal of power.
coalitional nature of Parties
the great variation of party competition from st
Characteristics of American Party System
Chief characteristics of American Party System
1. dispersal of power.
2. Coalitional nature of Parties
3. parties of moderation and inclusivity: they practice a politics
4. the ideological
Federalist Papers 10 and 51 See notes on Brutus and Federalist
Federalist Papers newspaper articles written to support the American
Constitution during the ratification struggle by Madison, Hamilton and
Jay (see pp. 34-35)
Factions are inevitable
Things to focus on
- I. The problems faced by the Jeffersonian Republicans as our first opposition
party may be seen as part of a larger problem: How to develop a (1) responsible (2)
effective (3) constitutional opposition.
What is meant by this?