rocks and tadpoles), the support given to the conclusion would still be weaker than the
Now that we have distinguished emotive meaning from cognitive meaning, let us
explore some of the ways that cognitive meanings can be defective. Two o
To illustrate the fraudit is not a civil rights bill. It is a federal penal code. It
creates federal crimes which would take volumes to list and years to tabulate be-
cause it affects the lives of 192 million American citizens. Every person in every walk
use of the Word harvest" is specically calculated to elicit a favorable or agreeable
response from the listener.
Let us now consider emotive terminology as it occurs in arguments. In arguments,
emotive terminology accomplishes basically the same function
vague in another. For example, the Word slow in one context could mean either men-
tally retarded or physically slow, but When the word refers to physical slowness, it could
be vague. How slow is slow? Similar remarks apply to light, fast," and rich."
Here the dispute centers on the factual issues of Whether Barbara told the truth and
Whether Freddie stole the computer.
In dealing with disputes, the rst question is Whether the dispute is factual, verbal, or
some combination of the two. If the dispute i
CAROL: Nelson could not have fought in the battle of Trafalgar, because that
battle occurred in 1806, and Nelson died in 1804.
JUSTIN: Your knowledge of history is atrocious! Nelson did ght in Trafalgar, and
III. Determine whether the following disputes are verbal, factual, or some combination
of the two. vaerbal, discuss whether the dispute arises from vagueness or ambiguity.
FRANK: Look at that huge tree that fell last night. It must have made a
then be released. Its time to take a stand for safety and put psychotic killers in
Until now, the protest against the holocaust in our ovm nation has been vocal
but far too small. The massacre of an unwanted generation through ab
These statements accomplish their respective functions through the distinct kinds of
terminology in which they are phrased. Terminology that conveys information is said to
have cognitive meaning, and terminology that expresses or evokes feelings is said t
1) Van Inwagen in his essay, The Incompatibility of Free Will and Determinism ,
delves into one particular account of what it means to have free will and how this proves
that free will is incompatible with determinism. First he defines free will as the ab
1. An objectivist position would look at something (A) and say that A has some
particular property because of the way that A is. When Socrates examines Euthyphros
claim that something that all the gods love is pious he sees that this has to further define
Homo Economicus or Homo Communus?
The question of what type of political system is best suited for human nature and
its relationship to fairness in the economic systems of a society is one that has long
1) Appiah makes a distinction from how race and sex are different
in terms of their biological prerequisites and classification system
and claims that because of this they must be treated differently.
Race is not biologically based and the distinctions in
Quiz 1: Personal Identity
Due: 03/03/2016 by 11:59pm on Blackboard; Upload a word document or .pdf file AND copy paste text.
1) Bernard Williams explains that when his psychology/body experiment is described to someone in a first
person point of view they
In the book The Path, authors Dr. Michael Puett and Christine Gross-Loh state that the
philosophies of Classical Chinese philosophers can be applied to everyday life and help better
the world. The philosophers ideas, that people are complex and malleable
I agree with Michael Puett and Christine Gross-Lohs perception of how people
see technology today. People constantly saw we need to return to a time where
technology wasnt so prevalent and everything was natural (172). However, to
be natural would be retu
r jAhES’ Smirk
Exercises 1.5.3(a)—(c) designing Turing machines using the Copying Machine as
1.5.3(a) for which one “copy” of the Copying Machine sufﬁces
The Copying Machine Figure 1.3.3
The Copying Machine
The Copying M
Prof. Kelly Nims
October 21, 2014
The Abolitionist Movement of the 18th and 19th centuries provided the opportunity
to expose the cruelties of slavery. For hundreds of years, millions of Africans were taken from
The Gay Rights Movement
May 4, 2013
Free Will & Determinism
Most of us would like to think that we have the power to act freely. We make
choices every day believing we have the power to do so. But do we really? Do we have
the power to m
6 April 2013
Knowledge, by definition, is a compilation of facts and information, and the
awareness or familiarity gained through experience of these facts and
information. One must have a justified true belief b
15 February 2013
God & Morality
In studying philosophy, we come across countless interesting, but obscure
issues and questions that perhaps, we will never have a right answer to, if in fact
there is a right answe
Stalker and Glymour, The Malignant Object: thoughts on public sculpture
Argument against: public sculpture and public art generally provides no or trivial
benefits to the public but does provide substantial harm.
Glymour and Stalker say that public art pr
Igor Primoratz: Justifying Legal Punishment
Retributivist argument for capital punishment:
1) The punishment of criminals should be proportionate to the crime.
2) The only punishment proportionate to murder is the death penalty.
3) Therefore, the punishme
A. J. Ayer, A Critique of Ethics
The goal of ethical philosophy:
A strictly philosophical treatise on ethics should therefore make no ethical pronouncements. But
it should, by giving an analysis of moral terms, show what is the category to which all such
What is piety? What is moral?
First attempt: Piety is prosecuting
Objection: Perhaps this is an example of
piety, but it does not tell us what piety is.
Second attempt: What is dear to the
gods is pious, what is not is impiou
Debra Satz, Markets in Womens Sexual Labor (Ethics, v.106, no.1, Oct. 1995, p.63-85)
Introduction, Professors not allowed to talk, etc. Interrupt me whenever.
Theres a very general topic that this essay addresses, and its about whether there are some
Virtues and Vices
Page 2: What are moral virtues?
Not a question of list of things that count as virtues.
Really question of what about the things we call virtues
makes them moral virtues?
1. Virtues are in some sense beneficial.
To whom? Th