Intermittent reinforcement schedules:
o Fixed- number of required responses remains the same. (ie. Every five lever
presses will release a pellet)
o Variable- number of responses changes (number of lever presses, required to
release the pellet, chan
Learning- Is the adaptive process through which experience modifies pre-existing
behavior and experience.
Assumptions of Behaviorism: (Behaviorism: Mostly on observable behavior not on
o Theres always an observable cause
Operant conditioning is learning to respond to our environment in a way that produces positive
consequences and not negative consequences.
With classical conditioning the behavior (salivating) does not bring the stimulus (food).
Unconditioned Response- Response brought on by the unconditioned stimulus.
(drool is an unconditioned response)
Pavlov then paired up the Neutral stimulus (tuning fork) (and in this case a
conditioned stimulus) with the unconditioned stimulus (food) and t
Decay vs. Interference :
Decay- you forget because you didnt use it.
space so forget.
Interference- brain competes for
Motivated forgetting vs. RepressionMotivated forgetting- Repression of memories. (when you consciously try to forget
Cognitive Psychology Quiz 3Short Answer
21. What is the set-theoretical model?
The set-theoretical model is one of the models under the Semantic Organization of
Knowledge. The set-theoretical model organizes groups of concepts that are
Types of Memory- this will be on the exam!
General categories of type of information contained in long term memory
1. Spatial ability- Information about our location in the world, and potentially
important objects in
it. This helps us maneuver in the envi
Continuity- Objects positioned along a path are more likely to be seen as a group.
Canoconic Perspectives- best represents an item. Ie. Most common view
Two types of processinga. Bottom-up Processing- recognizing parts of the pattern
b. Top-down Processin
Constructivist PerspectiveStates that the brain is interpretive
It uses Heuristics and Algorithms to process information.
Heuristics- a good guess based on the rule of thumb that often results in the
Algorithms- a specific set of rules t
Rod cell, a cell found in the retina that is sensitive to light/dark (black/white)
Cone cell , are photoreceptor cell s in the retina of the eye that are responsible for
The fovea is responsible for sharp central vision which is necessary in