The Organ Systems
The Integumentary System (Hair, Skin & Associated Glands)
Regulates body temperature
Site of cutaneous receptors
Synthesizes vitamin D
Prevents water loss
The Skeletal System
Provides support and protection
Muscles and nervous tissues
Epithelial Tissue also forms glands:
Lack ducts and secrete their products directly into the interstitial fluid and bloodstream.
Hormones act as chemical messengers to influence cell activities elsewhere in
Movement of Joints
Flexion- decreases angle of joint and distance between two bones
Extension- increases the angle of a joint and distance between two bones
Abduction- movement of a limb away from the midline of body
Adduction- movement of a limb towa
Introduction to Anatomy
Anatomy is the study of structure.
Anatomists examine the relationships among parts of the body along with the structure of
Physiology: the scientific discipline that studies the function of body structures.
Cell & Tissue
Cells are the structural and functional units of all living organisms
All cells perform the general functions necessary to sustain life.
Obtain nutrients from its surrounding fluids.
Dispose of the wastes they produce.
Support- holds up body, supports teeth, muscle, and organs
Protection- encloses brain, spinal cord, lungs, heart, and viscera
Movement- provide leverage so muscles can perform movements
Blood Formation (Hemopoiesis) - red marrow
Bicep Brachii: flexors(anterior arm)
Flexes elbow, arm
Powerful supinator of
forearm(arm turn or
Radial tuberosity and
bicipital aponeurosis (
into the deep fascia of
Axial Skeleton (Skull-Vertebral Column-Bony Thorax)
Sutures which bones does the suture separate?
Supraorbital Foramen- vessels & nerves
A joint, or articulation, is the place of contact between bones, between bone and cartilage, or
between bones and teeth.
Motion permitted ranges from none to various extensive motions.
Structure determines both its mobility a