Lecture 2 Notes, Post-Caeser
Social Reform was the substance of the crisis but not a motivating
factor in the military conflict
1. Opposition to Caesars reforms by Oligarchy
a. Land reform
d. Italian citizenship
Lecture 4 Notes, Augustus
1. Augustus checked opposition from the senate by reducing their number. (from over 1000 to
2. He made the property qualification for being a senator over 1,000,000 sesterces.
3. He also chose senators from underrepr
Lecture 1 Notes, Ceaser
70's - spent avoiding the Sullans
60's- Cursus Honorum - Caesar is mainly a popularis. He is connected to Marius through
marriage of his aunt
50's - Consul in 59 BCE; then governor of Gaul: Gallic Wars, conquest of Gaul
Lecture 3 Notes, Octavian
After Actium: Octavian's Choices
Octavian found himself in control of the whole Roman sphere of influence.
1. He could go back to Rome and re-establish the Republic.
2. He could go back and establish himself immediately as dictat
Lecture 5 Notes, Tiberius
He maintained Augustus' basic political arrangement.
He avoided emphasis on his own authority.
He also followed Augustus' foreign policy of maintaining borders along
He seemed to have little a
Lecture 7 Notes, Zenith
Characteristics of the Age:
1. Economic stability
a. Under the Flavians, for the first time revenues were so well regulated that
expenditures could be planned years in advance
2. Clearer definition of the empire's borders
Lecture 6 Notes, Flavians
1. Galba, an older patrician, was provincial governor of Spain with legions.
2. He was too austere; his adopted heir, Piso, had no "troop" appeal.
1. Otho was an outsider to Roman aristocracy.
2. He bribed the Praetori
Lecture 10 Notes, Constantine
Lactantius: The "Christian Cicero" (250-325).
1. He was a professor of rhetoric in Carthage
2. He converted to Christianity
3. He tutored Constantine's son
1. He was the bishop of Caesarea in Palestine
2. He wrote ec
Lecture 8 Notes, Military Rule
Difficult period of Roman History
1. There are two halves in the study of third century Rome.
a. The Severan emperors
b. A time of politcal turmoil, having 26 different emperors in 50 years
2. There is a lack of reliable wri
Lecture 9 Notes, Diocletian
Turmoil of the Third Century CE, 235-285
1. Enemy threats and the Frontier crisis
a. The Germans = a conglomeration of tribes along the Danube and Rhine border all
the way to the North Sea and the Black Sea
These had for a l