CHAPTER 1: INTRO TO LEARNING THEORY
What is learning?
Permanent change in behavior, reinforced as constantly practiced (Kimble, 1961)
Not fixed, can it be observed? is behavior immediately learned or gradual?
Can learning be observed directly?
REVIEW EXPERIMENTAL TOOLS
-assesses whether test/instruments fulfills intended purpose.
a) Content Validity: does measure adequately sample interest?
b) Criterion: is measure associated in an expected way with proven
REVIEW NOTES/QUESTIONS CHAPTERS 5-6
BF Skinners Walden II
-activities forced upon kids in the bio engineering is used to shape behavior and make
them better adaptable to stressful stimuli (learning controlling)
Major Theoretical Concepts
REVIEW NOTES CHAPTER 3-4
Plato vs. Aristotle
-Plato (427-347 BC), nativitist
-knowledge is inherited from the gods or above
-Aristotle (384 322 BC), empiricst
-believed knowledge comes from external stimuli (sensory stimuli) and how knowledge
CHAPTER 6: CLARK L. HULL
Clark L. Hull (18841952)
Unlearned behavior (i.e. innate behavior) is triggered when a need arises.
If innate behavior is ineffective in reducing the need, the organism will
have to learn new response patterns.
Contiguity and Dri
CHAPTER 5: BURRHUS FREDERIC SKINNER
Why does Walden II have kids wear lollipops around their necks?
Why does Skinner think jealousy and other negative emotions continue to exist in
modern society and how can we eradicate them?
What does Skinn
CHAPTER 4: EDWARD LEE THORNDIKE
Animal Research Before Thorndike
Often characterized by anthropomorphizing. (e.g., Romanes (18481894)
(ex: guilty dog on youtube)
Morgans Canon (1891) = develop from anthropomorphizing animal behavior with
CHAPTER 3: EARLY NOTIONS ABOUT LEARNING
Epistomology: The Nature of Knowledge
Plato (ca. 427347 B.C.)
Predominantly a nativist.
Knowledge is innateinherited.
Aristotle (384322 B.C.)
Predominantly an empiricist.
Knowledge comes from sensory experienc
CHAPTER 2: APPROACHES TO STUDY OF LEARNING
Systematic Study of Learning
Science combines Empiricism with Rationalism
Information through the senses (including measurement and
Logical thinking and reasoning
Dialectic is NOT a learning style: but visual, social and verbal are.
Conditioned is NOT a characteristic of innate behavior: but unlearned, not controlled by
organism, and reflexive are.
Habituation is a learned behavior: NOT migration, kinesis