Lecture 1 Notes, History of Ancient Rome
Justinian - Byzantine Empire
|-Monarchy- | - Republic - | -Empire- |
1. Rome as a city: has the geographic advantage of a r
Lecture 2 Notes, Etruscans and Greeks
Etruscans and Greeks in Pre-Roman Italy, 8th- 5th centuries BCE
Italy was a relative upstart in the context of developing civilizations in the mediterranean, but
ripe for colonization by immigrants.
Rome would have to
Lecture 4 Notes, Early Roman Government
Definitions of Roman Republic
1. Monarchy: 753 - 509 BCE
2. Republic 509-27 BCE Latin- Res Publica, which is not a term meant to describe government
a. The Republic is semi-democratic
b. Not always a full democracy
Lecture 3 Notes, Young Rome
Literary Sources for Early Rome
1. Livy (59 BCE - 17 CE)
a. Written under the patronage of Augustus, which influences the work
b. Written 700 years after the founding of Rome
Is an attempt to explain "the decline in morality
Lecture 6 Notes, Punic Wars
Sources for the Punic Wars
1. A Greek deported to Italy in 167 BCE, and so saw first hand much of Rome's
2. Had the opportunity to interview first-hand witnesses of even the First Punic War.
3. Wrote a hi
Lecture 5 Notes, Conquest
Rome a Military Power
1. Why was war an integral part of Rome's early history?
a. It was an agrarian society that needed more land.
b. The aristocratic oligarchy needed more land to increase wealth and influence.
The plunder f
Lecture 9 Notes, Social Wars
Jugurthine War 111-104 BCE
1. Was fought in Numidia, against its king, Jugurtha.
2. Numidia's rule had been left to three brothers, who fought for control.
3. In the process, Jugurtha, one rival, took Cirta, an important port
Lecture 10 Notes, Pompey
A new focus on foreign conquest for its own sake to build a power base
1. "Magnus" is an ironic nickname, given by Sulla and his troops.
2. Pompey supported Sulla 83 BCE.
a. Called the "teenage butcher"
b. During the Social War, h
Lecture 8 Notes, Reforms after Republic
Conditions leading to reform:
1. Latifundia - large estates worked by slaves and owned mostly by senatorial families.
2. Manufacturing and trade managed by skilled Greeks and other non-Romans.
3. Equestrians were in
Lecture 7 Notes, Expansion
1. Scholarship on Roman Imperialism has changed drastically over the past two centuries:
a. In the late 19th c., many followed the historian Polybius who believed Rome's
conquests were predestined.
b. Up until the 1