Lecture Notes 4: Behavioral Therapy
Objective 6: Explain how the basic assumption of behavior therapy differs from those of
traditional psychoanalytic and humanistic therapies.
Traditional psychoanalysts expect problems to diminish as people gain understa
Lecture Notes 8: Studies and Results
Objective 13: Describe the importance of outcome studies in judging the effectiveness of
psychotherapies, and discuss some of these findings.
Randomized clinical trials randomly assigning people on the waiting list to
Lecture Notes 9: Eye Movement
Objective 15: Evaluate the effectiveness of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing
(EMDR) and light exposure therapies.
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) Francine Shapiros anxiety
treatment in which
Lecture Notes 10: Psychopharmacology
Depending on the persons symptoms, people should seek out a therapist who then can
feel a close bond with.
Objective 18: Define psychopharmacology, and explain how double-blind studies help
Lecture Notes 3: Humanistic Therapies
Objective 5: Identify the basic characteristics of the humanistic therapies, and describe the
specific goals and techniques of the Carl Rogers client-centered therapy.
Humanistic therapists aim to boost self-fulfillme
Lecture Notes 1: Therapy
Objective 1: Discuss some ways that psychotherapy, biomedical therapy, and an eclectic
approach to therapy differ.
Philipp Pinel in France and Dorothea Dix in the U.S are responsible for mental hospitals
offering more humane metho
Lecture Notes 2: Forms of Therapy
Objective 3: Describe some of the methods used in psychoanalysis, and list some criticism of
this form of therapy.
Psychoanalysis aims to uncover the past in hope of unmasking the present.
Resistance in psychoanalysis, th
Lecture Notes 6: Cognitive Therapy
Objective 9: Contrast cognitive therapy and cognitive-behavior therapy, and give some
examples of cognitive therapy of depression.
Cognitive therapies therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and
Lecture Notes 7: Effectiveness of Psychotherapy
Objective 11: Explain why clients tend to overestimate the effectiveness of psychotherapy.
People often enter therapy in crisis, clients may need to believe that therapy was worth
the effort, and clients gen
Lecture Notes 13: Physiological
Objective 4: Name three emotions that involve similar physiological arousal.
When people experience fear, anger or sexual arousal, they show the same physiological
Facial expressions however vary for each exp
Lecture Notes 12: Mood-Stabilizers
Objective 22: Describe the use and effects of mood-stabilizing medications.
Lithium is a drug used for bipolar disorder.
Very few drugs has been proven to work in helping stabilize a patients mood.
Objective 23: Describe
Lecture Notes 15: Perceiving and Communications
Objective 9: Describe some gender differences in perceiving and communicating emotions.
Women then to express more complex emotions than men.
Women are also much better at reading peoples emotions.
Lecture Notes 14: Experiences of Emotions
Objective 6: Explain how the spillover effect influences our experience of emotions.
The spillover effect occurs when our arousal from one event influences our response to
Emotional arousal is someti
Lecture Notes 5: Conditions
With repeated exposure people can become less anxiously responsive to things they fear.
Systematic desensitization a type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant
relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-trigger
Lecture Notes 11: Antianxiety
Tardive dyskinesia involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a
possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target D2
The second-generation of antipsyc