Spatial Relations Between Shot A and Shot B
Editing lets an omniscient range of knowledge become visible as omnipresence.
Editing can help relate any 2 points in space through similarity, difference or
start with shot establishi
Pivoting and Moving The Camera
Once mounted or held, the camera can be moved forward or backward or to
The camera can pivot from right to left or from low to high
The camera can sweep through
System = a whole is greater than the sum of the parts
Gauge = the width of a piece of film
Sprocket Holes = run down the outer edges of the film; are regularly spaced
Sprockets = toothed wheels or gears; allow the film to be advanced and
In his book, How Movies Work Kawin writes about the raw materials of filmmaking.
Part 2, Chapter 1, Raw Materials, describes film and the fundamental elements of
cinematic structure. This chapter
From Shot To Sequence
After the frame, the next important element in the cinematic system is the shot.
Shots can be can be organized into scenes and sequences.
Scene: a unit of action staged for or captured by
A New Realism The Object
By enlarging an object or fragment you are giving it a personality it never had before
and therefore can become a vehicle of entirely new lyric and plastic power. Before
the invention of the movi
The Elements of Mise-en-scne
Lighting in mise-en-scne is very important. Lighting can
change how we feel and perceive things. Mise-en-scne
are the light sources that are in the actual scene itself,
An individual frame of film presents a single picture
Frame = refers to the individual picture area and to its perimeter or
To frame a shot is to decide what will be in the frame or what
Technological Principles of Film, Photography, Television & Video I
Individual steps are needed to be a part of a whole. (Every shot and every frame
make up a movie)
Most movies are in 35mm gauges.
Sound film is seen in 24 frames per second while silent
Straight cut- The end of one shot is spliced directly to the beginning of another.
Fade- presents the image as evenly going into or out of complete darkness.
Fade in (out of darkness) Fade out (into darkness).
Iris-in- circular mask is
Introduced by 20th Century-Fox in 1953
It was inartistic, but then had a revolution and Scope films increased in number
Other companies developed own variants of CinemaScope with an aspect ratio of 1: 2.35
All films, with the occa
Agents and Story Editors
Writers have to sell their work to a studio or an independent producer
Producers like to be told a story out loud or pay someone to read script and
When synopsis is actually good, then the producer actually reads it
Assignment # 5
A New Realism: The Object (pg 96-98)
@ Two main points:
@ the powerfulthe spectacular effect of the object is entirely ignored at present
@ light animates the inanimate objects and gives it cinematographic value
Assignment # 10
Bruce F. Kawin
Pivoting and Moving the Camera
mounted or held, camera can:
be moved forward, backward, or side
pivot from right to left
pivot from low to high angle
can sweep through air
Pivoting and Zooming
when base support is
Takes and Shots
- a unit of action staged for or captured by the camera
-can be photographed in a single continuous exposure
-a dramatic event or interaction taking place in a single location, and may end up being
composed of many shots
EX: Scene 24, Take
Essential of films raw materials.
Projected image is actually a shadow of the frame.
Incident light meter measures the amount of light thats actually falling on the
(measurement taken from the subject position.)
Reflected light meter m
The Relation of Shot to Shot: Editing
Editing is the key to good cinema/ widely discussed film technique
Before 1904, films consist of only one shot.
Experimental films deemphasize editing by making each shot the length of film
the camera holds.