Find probabilities for binomial experiments.
Find binomial distributions.
Approximate binomial distributions for experiments with large numbers
motivation: changes during a year-long
intermediatelevel language course.
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On the measurement of affective
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Studies looking into migrants efforts to
organise collectively around status
identities in order to achieve greater
political participation should also
acknowledge the ways in which language
influences both migrants levels of
exclusion and identification
most measures, European
customers of Russian natural gas
are wealthier, are protected by the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
(NATO) forces, and have their own
armies. Still, Russia has access to
something the Europeans need in
large quantitiesenergy re
(2003). Beyond indigenous authenticity:
reflections on the insider/outsider
debate in immigration research.
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Lamb, M. (2004). Integrative motivation
in a globalizing world. System, 32 (1): 319. Lane, P. (2009). Identi
mobility, exploitation and a lack of
opportunities. In addition, as stressed in
this thesis, the cost and availability of
courses, as well as equality and impact
assessments, continue to overlook the
situation of the Latin American
community and others wo
London Because I am in this country
and I need it Because I live here
Because I live in England It is very
important for me, I live in London
Because living in an English speaking
country, I should learn to speak it better
Other: English as a global lang
Remain Uncooperative, Europe
Likely to Remain Dependent . 36
Global Financial Crisis Has an
. 38 Implications of Russias
Reliance on Revenue from Natural
Gas . 39 Policy
40 First Policy Recommendation:
Develop a Co
Aires: Paids. Canclini, N.G. (2010).
Culturas hbridas. Estrategias para entrar
y salir de la modernidad. Buenos Aires:
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[Online] 14 April 2011, Hampshire, UK.
framework for the study of the
integration processes of migrants and
the importance of host country language
acquisition. However, these studies tend
to reduce language to its communicative
dimension, obscuring the influence that
its symbolic and affectiv
appeared to be influential aspects for
the identification processes of migrants
with dual nationalities. In summary, the
importance of the mother tongue for
this group lies in the social functions it
fulfils. Spanish is the language of
affection, an indis
understanding of the links between
language, integration and ethnic identity
in diverse societies. Limitations The first
limitation of this study is the fact that it
mostly relies on qualitative data, which is
principally due to a lack of official
populations in the UK: Colombians.
Oxford, 236 ICAR. Bermudez Torres, A.
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practices of Colombians in Spain and the
United Kingdom: politics here and
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7591. Bernstein, M. (2005). I
formulas it uses to negotiate its
natural gas contracts with
European customers as a state
secret, so determining the exact
price is impossible.18 Nonetheless,
enough data are available to draw
conclusions about the average
price of natural gas sold to Eu
language and ethnic concentration for
Latin Americans in this borough. It will
also allow the level of response to this
category to be studied, and will facilitate
the study of whether such a decision will
bring significant changes to community
Figure 2: The 2001 Census ethnic group
question asked in England and Wales
Figure 3: The 2011 Census ethnic group
question asked in England Appendix 5:
Reasons to study English 1. Responses to
the open question Integrative:
communication, participation in
language X X To prepare myself to find
new opportunities and to be able to help
other people X X To be able to
communicate with people who don't
speak my language and to have a second
language X X To improve my knowledge
and my speaking X X I like it and
efforts to 10 This paper defines
foreign policy initiatives as
noteworthy if they were reported in
the Financial Times. The Financial
Times was chosen above other
newspapers because it is the most
widely read newspaper in Europe
and because it has robust
know. Residency (5
_ 228 Q29.
Borough of Residency:
_ Q30. What is the
origin of those who participate of your
social circle? Put an X in all that apply
Doesn't Apply Latin Am UK Spain Other
and social identity. New York: Oxford
University Press, 25- 41. Drnyei, Z.
(1994). Motivation and motivating in the
foreign language classroom. The Modern
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Drnyei, Z. (2003). Attitudes,
orientations, and motivations in
research, such as the impact of
becoming an immigrant on selfidentification; the learning methods of
self-taught bilingual speakers;
experiences of discrimination related to
language skills; representations of Latin
American in the media; language access
birth: _ Q22. Ethnic
group: _ Q23.
Occupation Mark with an X all that
apply Employed cassual or temporal
permanent full time part time one
employer various employers
Unemployed Student House work Selfemployed Volunteer Other:
_ Q24. Employment
sector: _ Q
again become a key actor in
international affairs. Its energy
reserves have helped to power its
rebound. This papers findings
support the notion that there is a
correlation between Russias
foreign policy strategy towards
consumers of its natural gas and
d=66 [Accessed 25 January 2012]. Ergun,
A. and Erdemir, A. (2009). Negotiating
insider and outsider identities in the
field: insider in a foreign land;
outsider in ones own land. Field
English by the third generation? Loss and
preservation of the mother tongue
among the grandchildren of
contemporary immigrants. Demography,
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Propuestas e historia de la Alianza
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[Accessed 25 June 2011] BERA. (2004).
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among Colombian migrants in London.
[Online]. London: Queen Mary University
of London. Available at:
ground-andreferences/background-andreferencedocuments/eupresidencies-energyprogramme/italy-eu-presidencysenergy-policies-2003-2 24 Russia
implied that the Wests recognition
of Kosovo would prompt it to
support the breakaway provinces of
Abkhazia and Osset
migrants in London. [Online].
Nottingham: University of Nottingham.
48201.pdf [Accessed 18 April 2010].
McIlwaine, C. (2010). Migrant
machismos: exploring gender ideologies
and practices among Latin Amer
Issues, 23 (2): 29-38. Fishman, J.A.
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Fishman, J.A. ed. (1999). Handbook of
language and ethnic identity. Oxford:
knowledge Q1. How many languages do
you know apart from Spanish Mark all
that apply Aymar.
which one/s? :_ Q2. What
language do you speak at home?
Q3. Knowledge self-evaluation B. About
Ukraines efforts to remove
intermediary (read: Russian)
companies from its domestic gas
sector.52 These inconclusive
results may be the result of a lag
between the rising price of gas and
a change in foreign policy. Russia
did become somewhat more
author is Anita Orban. Orbans
primary thesis is that neoclassical
theory accurately predicts whether
Russian energy companies will
expand into Central Europe.8
Orban primarily limits her analysis
to Baltic countries and omits
several key consumers of Russ
Latinoamerica. Bolivia: Fundacin Centro
de Estudios Latinoamericanos Rmulo
Gallegos. Marfleet, P. and Blustein, D.L.
(2011). Needed not wanted: an
interdisciplinary examination of the
work-related challenges faced by
irregular migrants. Journal of Vocatio
(2011). The gendering of political and
civic participation among Colombian
migrants in London. Environment and
Planning A, 43 (7): 1499-1513.
McIlwaine, C. and Carlisle, F. (2011).
Gender transformations and genderbased violence among Latin American