What are the energy (kcal) and protein requirements for an infant from age
0-6 months and 6 months to 1 year? How does this compare to your energy
and protein intake? You will need to figure out your kcal and protein intake
as g/kg/day in order to make t
A 32 year old male was on his way to his appointment made by a neurologist(nerve specialist)
but on the way to the appointment, he suddenly fell into a coma (a state of involuntary
unconsciousness due to illness or injury) and had to be brought
Analyze the feedback mechanisms that maintain homeostasis, and what happens
when these systems do not function appropriately. Provide two specific examples for
each. Homeostasis is the process where the cells coordinate and with each other to
Analyze the anatomical structure of ten different organelles in the cell and their
Plasma membrane - Its the outer membrane of cell that controls cellular traffic and cell
signaling. Its a lipid bi layer.
Mitochondria - Double layer
Briefly identify, list, and describe the action of at least two of the following
Diaphragm is muscle that extends under the rib cage that separates the thoracic
cavity(lungs and heart) from the abdominal cavity("Anterior Muscles,"
1. Trace and discuss the complete movement of a bolus of food entering and exiting the
human via the digestive system.
Food enters the mouth and is chewed creating saliva. Salivary amylase begins to breakdown
the starch and chemical digestion begins. This
South University Online
Anatomy & Physiology II | BIO1013
June 4, 2016
Ketosis is highly concentrated and elevated ketone bodies that appears in the bodily fluid and
the blood. It forms when the metabolites are in starvatio
1. Briefly identify and discuss bones of the appendicular and axial skeletons.
Axial Skeleton consist of 80 bones along the central axis of the human body. The bones
function as a weight bearer as well as protection for posture. Also, it is supported by
Analyze the bone remodeling process and the minerals involved in that process.
Bone remodeling is a continuous cycle that starts from a fetus unto an adult. It is a continuous
cycle that recycles and renews the organic and mineral components of the bone
Superior/Inferior : Superior above other structures, inferior is below other structures.
Anterior/Posterior: In humans anterior structures that are forward. Posterior is the back.
Proximal/Distal: Proximal is near the trunk or attached end. Di
B I O 2 0 1 H U M A N A N AT O M Y A N D
Where two bones interconnect
Reflect compromise between need for
STRENGTH versus need for MOBILITY
ANATOMICAL STRUCTURE determines type
and amount of mov
FOR A 100 GIVE PAGE NUMBER, AUTHOR AND NAME OF TEXTBOOK,
AND A THOUROUGH DISCUSSION (TWO SEVEN SENTENCE
PARAGRAPHS, AT LEAST) OF THE ANSWER PLUS INFO FROM ONE
OUTSIDE SOURCE. ADD SEVERAL SENTENCES FROM THE OUTSIDE
SOURCE IN RED FONT AND BE SURE YOU SITE T
STUDY QUESTIONS CHAPTER 19
1. What is systematics?
2. What is taxonomy?
The branch of biology that identifies, names, and organizes biodiversity into
3. Who created the system we use today?
Carolus Linnaeus father of taxonomy
4. How w
STUDY QUESTIONS CHAPTER 7
1. What is photosynthesis? What organisms do photosynthesis? What are the reactants
of photosynthesis? What are the end products of photosynthesis? Of the end products
which one gives us energy? Know the equation of photosynthesi
STUDY QUESTIONS CHAPTER 2
1. What is matter? What is an element? How many naturally occurring elements are there?
What do these naturally occurring elements make up? What are the 6 most common
Matter is anything that takes up space and has mass
STUDY QUESTIONS CHAPTER 11
1. What was the blending concept of inheritance?
Parents of contrasting appearance produce offspring of intermediate
Over time, variation would decrease as individuals became more alike in their
2. Whos work
STUDY QUESTIONS CHAPTER 12
1. What was known about the genetic material when research began studying DNA in
the middle twentieth century?
2. Who was the first scientist to determine DNA can cause a transformation?
3. How did this scien
BIO 202-EXAM 2 LECTURE STUDY GUIDE
CHAPTER 17 & CHAPTER 18
is the function of the hepatic portal vein?
Major Histocompatibility Complex
Used in organ transplantation
Missing from RBCs
B cells are responsible for prod
STUDY QUESTIONS CHAPTER 1
1. What is Biology?
Biology is the scientific view of life.
2. How is life organized? Which level is the most basic (least complex) to most complex?
Atoms, molecule, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism, population, comm
STUDY QUESTIONS CHAPTER 15
1. Who is Charles Darwin and what is he known for?
Hired by government to disprove evolution
Chosen because he was a good student
Trip took him 5 years of his life and he wrote in a notebook of what he saw
2. What was the nam