Tat offensive is a major miscalculation.
Politically, it immediately confronted DC for additional troops. Westmoreland asked DC
for more men. In Feb 1968, LBJ faced a choiced between either a major escalation or a
defeat in an election year.
General Minh had concluded that the ARVN by itself could not win a military victory and
that further U.S. involvement was counterproductive.
The Coup need to reach a political settlement with the liberation front.
Washington regarded this not in the inter
2nd Quemoy Matsu Crisis
Great Leap Forward. In the fall of 1958, Jiang was hoping that the US would allow him
to begin bombing targets in the mainland. ROC had airsuperiorty than the PRC. The US
would then impose a bloackade of the Chinese coast.
In 1953, there was a substantial shift of global leadership.
Eisenhower promised to go to Korea and bring the Korean War to an end. He threatened
the use of atomic bomb if the armistice agreement was to be reached.
Japan was also undergoing its first post
The problem was how to get JA back on its feet.
The Dodge Plan splashing budgets and raising taxes. The Japanese bueracracies to get
JA back on its feet.
One of the disputes that JA was not going to go back being a rich and industrial economy,
JA has to e
No on noticed how rapidly the end of the war was approaching.
There was no consensus about what to do and how to do it.
Different camps in China and Japan saw themselves in different situations. Old Japanese
hand saw themselves as an aberration from the p
Unlike the nationalist who was ignoring the social problems, communists were actively
attempting to improve a lot of people and they were also conducting gorilla war.
The US were cooperating with China.
Ho Chi Minh was cooperating with the OSS for anti Fr
Pearl Harbor. Washington knew that the war was imminent.
When Japan moved south, Washington was not cognizant.
No one was anticipating Pearl Harbor. The attack on Pearl Harbor did not totally
decimated the US Navy.
The American public supported the war wi
In 1935, Chinese communists announced that they are going up north to fight the
Japanese and exhorted patriots to join.
KMT had a broken army.
On Dec. 9th, December 9 Movement to bring all Chinese together to resist the Japanese.
Meanwhile, there was a Sh
In 1918 there were riots in major Japanese cities. In order to keep peace in Japanese
cities, there were cheap rice coming in from Taiwan and Korea
The Japanese also face reality that they were a high-cost-low-productivity producer.
Although japan had got
Roosevelt tried to deal with the rising power, Japan.
San Francisco school board assigned Japanese kids to same schools with the Chinese.
The US, in response, started building up a major sea power.
Roosevlet sent the The Great White Fleet around the world
Treaty of Shimonoseki
Japan got the equal nation treaty in china
Japan demanded 250 millions of silver of indemnity. This indemnity was put into use for
modernization and military built up
France, Russia, and British go to Tokyo and congratu
The 70s and 80s were difficult time for the U.S. due to the loss of Vietnam and stagflation
There was increasing perception that Japan was Number 1. There was a perception that
US was in decline and it was a question of managing that decline.
When the Eas
After the plain crash near Hainan in the early 2000s, China-US relations became cordial.
China plays a key role in the six-party talks. Similarly, on issues at other parts of the
world, China emerges as a significant player. Iran, for example. With Chinas
Relations between Japan and US becomes more tense in the 80s.
Japanese were still 30% poorer compared to americans.
US sees the Japanese as filthy rich and manipulating international economic system in
There were Japanese officials who execra
In 1980, Ragan promised to run on the platform of being tough with China.
Power was held by Deng, Chinas posture became one of peaceful rise. China avoids
taking an aggressive position in international matter.
This facilitates that Chinas development econ
Vietnam war ended in 1975.
Consequences of 1970s. OPEC imposed on embargo that led to high oil prices.
The focus shifts from SE Asia to the economics consequences of the Middle East
There were continuing issues about POWs and such. There was continueing i
In spring 1970, Nixon goes to Cambodia. This ignites protests in the states. There was
also an uprorar in congress. By June, the Tokin Gulf resolution was repealed.
The funding of further operations in Cambodia was cut off. Student movements have
From Dec 64 to 67, the number of US troops and KIA and WIA have increased a lot.
U.S. thinks Vietnam play coups like playing cards.
Feb 10th, authorized an ongoing series of air attacks on Vietnam. Rolling Thunder was
implemented early March of 1965.