Story of BuddhaSiddhartha Gautama (Sakyamuni)
Prophecy by the higher Gods for Gautama to become a priest (brahmin); Gautamas parents
didnt want their son to become a brahmin (they wanted him to become a king), so they surround
him with luxuries, women, an
Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 69:
Volume 7, Book 69, Number 481:
Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Allah's Apostle said, "Whoever drinks alcoholic drinks in the world
and does not repent (before dying), will be deprived of it in the Hereafter."
Volume 7, Bo
Cultural Clash Fuels Muslims Raging at Film [NYTimes, Mon. Sept 17, 2012]
Mohamed Abd El Ghany/Reuters
CAIRO Stepping from the cloud of tear gas in front of the American Embassy here,
Khaled Ali repeated the urgent question that he said justified last wee
03 November 2014
11/4 Discussion: Chinese Buddhism: Zen
1. What is the meaning of zen?
Zen is abstract in the sense that it cannot be explained through words. It is more
of an attitude than a belief, it is the peace that
24 November 2014
11/25 - Discussion: texts from the Quran
Reading: WR # 38
1. What is the Quran? How do Muslims regard it? How is it related to the Bible? How do Muslims
regard the Jewish and Christian Bibles?
The Quran is th
Selections from the letters of Mohandas K. Gandhi
1. Reply of Gandhi to a Muslim religious leader (the Maulana) who complained that an article by Gandhi
was offensive to the Quran.
The Maulana has put an interpretation upon my note which it does not bear.
Department of Theology
THEO 3700 Scriptures of the World
Professor: Rev. Dr. Richard Viladesau
Semester: Fall 2014
Class meetings: Section R01: Tuesday and Friday, 1:00 to 2:15 PM, DE 206
Office: Duane Library, 106
Phone: (718) 817-3253
Two theories of ijtihad discussion
1. Vocabulary: be familiar with the following terms and names. (The most important are
in bold type).
door of ijtihad permissability of using independent reasoning. For most Sunnis,
the door of ijtihad has been closed si
thankfully, tomorrows essay question is quite broad. hermeneutics can be
discussed with regards to all religions we touched upon in class. some may not have
specific readings that strictly discuss hermeneutics but a lot of it, i believe, will be
07 November 2014
11/7 Discussion: Tibetan (Vajrayana) Buddhism
Reading: WR # 21
1. What elements of other forms of Buddhism can you recognize in the Tantric way, as
expounded by Milarepa? What elements or emphases appear diff
13 October 2014
Discussion: The Mahayana tradition: Bodhisattva and Wisdom paths
1. The two versions of the prodigal son are similar and different from a Christian
and Buddhist viewpoint. The major similarity betw
1) Speak on issues authors have raised and give examples
b) The Dalai Lama wrote on the hermeneutics of the traditions of Buddhism. He teaches that there are many
interpretations of traditions and texts. I
1. What are the two understandings of ijtihad? Explain.
a. The first understanding of ijtihad is a process of juristic reasoning employed to determine
the permissibility of an action when primary sources (Quran & Sunnah) do not speak on
it and when previo
28 October 2014
Writing assignment: Compare the attitudes of Kung Fu Tse (for example, #22, p. 126)
and of Mo Tse on universal love vs. love with distinctions. Which do you agree with?
I agree with the attitude of Mo Tse
19 October 2014
Discussion: the Wisdom Tradition
Passage #19 The Wisdom tradition in Buddhism
1. Why does the Lord (the bodhisattva) say here that after he has delivered countless
beings, no being at all has been delivered?
02 December 2014
12/2 - Discussion: Shiism and Sufism
Reading: WR # 40
1. What was the origin of Shiism?
Shiism originates from the idea that rulers are the hereditary leaders of Islams
who rule Muslims by divine right. When
24 September 2014
Discussion: The Bhagavad-Gita
Sections I and II
1. The meaning of the Bhagavad-Gita is one that expresses supreme scriptural
revelation through the Song of the Lord. It was composed probably some time
30 October 2014
10/31 Lecture/Discussion: Taoism (WR #26 and 27)
#26 Tao Te Ching
1. What is the meaning of Tao? What are its characteristics?
Tao has several meanings. The literal meanings of it are path, road, or way and
28 October 2014
10/28 - Lecture: introduction to the religions of China and Tibet
Reading: WR pp 118-122
Discussion: Confucianism and the classics
Reading: WR # 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27
Confucianism (WR #22 and 25)
1. What are
11/11 - Discussion: the hermeneutical traditions of Buddhism
Reading: Blackboard: The Dalai Lama
1. What does the Dalai Lama mean by the Brahma vehicle?
A vehicle figuratively means a system of thoughts that could lead to salvation. The
Brahma Vehicle on