Epidemiology Textbook Notes on Chapter 4
Descriptive Epidemiology = Classifies the occurrence of disease according to the variables of person,
place, and time.
- Who is affected
- Where the condition occurs
- When and over what time period the condition h
Epidemiology HW Chp. 1
6. Distinguish between the descriptive and analytic approaches to epidemiology.
Descriptive approaches are epidemiologic studies that are concerned with
characterizing the amount and distribution of health and disease within a
1. a. Association- A linkage between or among variables; variables that are
associated with one another can be positively or negatively related.
b. Positive association- As the value of one variable increases, so does the
value of t
1. a) Vital events- Are deaths, births, marriages, divorces, and fetal deaths.
b) Public health surveillance- Refers to the systematic and continuous
gathering of information about the occurrence of diseases and other health
c) Syndromic Survei
6, 7, 8
6. Some examples of racial/ethnic classifications used to describe health
characteristics are nativity and religion. Two conditions that vary according to
race/ethnicity are Asthma and gonorrhea incidence.
7. Health disparities refer to the
Chapter 6 Questions
10. Attributable risk in a cohort study, refers to the difference between the incidence rate of
a disease in the exposed group and the incidence rate in the non-exposed group.
Population risk difference provides an indicat
JANUARY 30, 2017
Chris:ne L. Sardo Molmen:, MPH, PhD
Adjunct Associate Professor
Department Of Health Professions And Human Services
Part I: Introduc:on & history of epidemiology 6:45-7:20
Chapter 9 Laura Okwueze
4. Anxiety, stress and neurotic disorders are very common in the work place but are
especially more reported in the fields of finance, insurance, and real estate. Many other
factors of the job can cause the anxiety, stress
Chapter 7 - Laura Okwueze
a. Cost-Effective Analysis a procedure that contrasts the costs and health effects of an
intervention to determine whether it is economically worthwhile.
b. Evidence-Based Public Health this refers to the adoption of policies,
Chapter 10 Laura Okwueze
a. Genetic epidemiology a field of epidemiology that is concerned with the identification
of the inherited factors that influence disease. Also it looks at how variation in the
genetic material interacts with environmental f
Chapter 5 Questions Laura Okwueze
Association The linkage between or among variables that can be positive or negative.
Positive association the value of one variable increases as does the other.
Negative association The value of one vari
Chapter 6 Questions Laura Okwueze
1. Observational study is when the exposure is not manipulated by the epidemiologist. One would
use this for cross-sectional studies, many ecologic studies, and most case-control studies.
Experimental is when the exposure
Chapter 4 Questions
1. This table shows the percentage of infants born in 2004 who were excusively breastfeed
between the ages of 3 and 6 months. It showed us that babies were more likely to be exclusively
breastfeed through the age of 3 months than throu
Chapter 8 Laura Okwueze
a. Infectious (communicable) disease diseases that are due to a specific infectious agent
that arises through transmission of that agent from an infected animal, person, or
reservoir to a susceptible host, either directly or ind
Human Genome Project (HGP) goal is to ID all of the genes in the human DNA; used to provide information for
Molecular Epidemiology use molecular markers in addition to genes to establish exposure disease relationships
Lifestyle choice of behavioral factors that affect how we live; these choices often are a function of social influences
Social Epidemiology examines the social distribution and social determinants of states of health (ex. Socioeconomic
Status and Health)
Advantages of crude rates: Improves ones ability to make comparisons
Advantages of adjusted rates: Permit fair comparisons across populations by
removing the effect of differences in the composition of various populations.