How does the typical U.S. diet compare to recommendations for a healthy diet?
It does not meet the requirements for a healthy diet since we tend to eat more calories
than we need and do not eat enough of
Crohns disease is an inflammatory bowel disease. It most commonly affects the end of
the small intestine and the beginning of the colon, but it may affect any part of the GI
tract, from the mouth to the anus.
It causes inflammation of t
Energy Balance and Weight Management
What changes in the U.S. environment and lifestyle have contributed to the obesity
Food is plentiful and continuously available, and little activity is required in our daily
Lipids and Fats
List four functions of fat in the body.
Provide structure: cholesterol is used to form myelin, an insulating coating
Provide lubrication: triglycerides make up the oils that lubricate body surfaces
What foods are good sources of unrefined complex carbohydrates?
Oligosaccharides such as beans, onions, bananas, garlic and artichokes are good
sources of unrefined complex carbohydrates. Starches su
Which types of DRI standards can be used as a goal for individual intake?
Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) and Adequate Intakes (AIs) can be used as
goals for individual intake and to pla
Nutrients: substances in foods that provide energy and structure and help regulate body
Fortified food: food to which one or more nutrients have been added
Phytochemical: a substance found in plant foods that
Digestion, Absorption, and Metabolism
What is the smallest unit of plant and animal life?
Cells are the basic structural and functional units of plant and animal life.
List three organ systems involved in the dige
How have the sources of fat in the American diet changed over the past 40 years?
In an effort to prevent heart disease and obesity, Americans switched from whole milk to
low-fat, chose chicken in place of beef, consumed few
Proteins and Amino Acids
Compare the nutrients provided by animal and plant sources of protein.
Animal products provide an excellent source of B vitamins and minerals such as iron,
zinc, and calcium. But animal products are low in