Welcome to Anthropology
Our Place in Nature
What is Anthropology?
Anthropology is the study of humanity in all its times and places.
The word anthropology comes from the Greek words anthropos (man) + logos (science of)
Understanding the Past
Archaeological and Paleoanthropological Methods
Biocultural Evolution 1
The next several chapters will explore the work of both paleoanthropologists and archaeologists. Sometimes these areas of
specialty overlapping, somet
Processes of Vertebrate and Mammalian Evolution
This chapter concentrates on macroevolution and the intent of your studying this material is to introduce the basic concepts
and vocabulary of evolutionary theory as
Heredity and Evolution
The first part of the chapter may be a review for you or your first introduction to the concepts associated with
Genetics is the branch of science that deals with the inheritance of biological characte
The Origin and Dispersal of Modern Humans
The first modern Homo sapiens evolved in Africa close to 200 kya (by 195 kya).
Within 150,000 years, their descendants had spread across most of the Old World.
All contemporary populati
Early Holocene Hunters & Gatherers
We have moved up in time to the Holocene: The geological epoch during which we now live (starts roughly 11,00010,000
This chapter begins with a brief discussion of Kennewick Man, perha
Biocultural Evolution and the Anthropocene
Through biocultural evolution, humans have become extraordinarily different from other species.
We are now dangerous to ourselves, other living things, and the earth itself.
The First Civilizations
Civilizations in Perspective 1
The appearance of the first cities laid the foundation for our modern way of living.
The term civilization is not another word culture or society and is also not the same as state or city.
Modern Human Variation and Adaptation
Historical Views of Human Variation 1
As people encounter each other they look for ways to distinguish themselves. Skin color has been one of these ways as it is
By at least 1350 BCE (Before C
Overview of the Primates
My favorite line in the whole book: Chimpanzees are not monkeys, but ya gotta love the trunk monkey commercials
We study primates because we are a primate species and so by studying those species closest to ours
By the end of the last Ice Age, humans were living in most of the worlds inhabitable places.
They did so without becoming multiple species (as is usual in nature)
This was accomplished by our biocultural adaptat
Development of Evolutionary Theory
Evolutionary Theory 1
One of the important themes that holds biological anthropology and archaeology together is that they are based on
The intent of this course is NOT to turn everyone i
Primate studies often use an ecological approach to explain variation in primate behavior between different species and
within a single species.
The focus is on habitat, specifically contrasting terrestrial and
The First Dispersal of the Genus Homo
Homo erectus and Contemporaries
About 2 million years ago a major shift occurred in hominin evolution: hominins expanded out of Africa into other areas of
the Old World
There is universal agr
Early Primate Evolution 1
I need to make a few comments so we can stay focused.
We are discussing paleoprimatology in this section of the chapter.
We are ignoring a great amount of data about ancient primate fossils and followi
Okay, here we are (finally) talking about a species of hominin that I guess everyone has heard of at some point: Neandertals
Note I use a different spelling than your textbook which is Neandertal.